The Sunday Post (Newcastle)

APRIL 11, 1961

- By Janet Boyle

Adolf Eichmann was one of the key Nazi officials in the implementa­tion of the murder of millions of European Jews - the so-called “final solution”.

Charged with managing and facilitati­ng the mass deportatio­n of Jews to ghettos and concentrat­ion camps in German-occupied countries, he was among the major organisers of the Holocaust.

Despite being arrested immediatel­y after the war by the US authoritie­s, Eichmann managed to escape using false identity papers and fled to Argentina.

He was later joined by his family, and lived quietly in Beunos Aires, calling himself Ricardo Klement and working at a Mercedes-Benz factory there.

Tipped off about Eichmann’s whereabout­s, Israel decided to capture him and bring him back to Jerusalem for trial.

But because Argentina had a history of denying extraditio­n requests, it was decided to kidnap him.

Agents from the Mossad – Israel’s secret service – seized Eichmann outside his home in May 1960 and he was smuggled back to Israel, where the law allowed the prosecutio­n of those responsibl­e for crimes against Jews during the Second World War.

The kidnapping provoked an internatio­nal incident, with Argentina complainin­g to the United Nations Security Council.

The Eichmann trial, held before a special tribunal of the Jerusalem District Court, began on April 11, 1961 and increased internatio­nal awareness of the Holocaust.

The proceeding­s were

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