By the Iron Age (from around 800 BC), ancient Britons – driven by greater competition for land and a need for security – began constructing ramparted hill forts. The largest and most sophisticated was Maiden Castle: covering the area of around 50 football pitches, it has deep ditches and walls that are nearly 20ft (6m) high. Download English Heritage’s Echoscape audio guide to explore the ancient earthwork accompanied by myths and stories. Also visit nearby Nine Stones, a small prehistoric stone circle, and the 44 Bronze Age burial mounds of Winterbourne Poor Lot Barrows.
Free; open year-round (0370 333 1181; english-heritage.org.uk/ visit/places/maidencastle/)
From £4.80/£2.90 adult/ child; open April-October (07831 757934; english-heritage.org.uk/ visit/places/chysauster-ancientvillage) The Bronze Age cairn of Bryn Cader Faner – “the hill of the throne with the flag” – sits in remote moorland near the Gwynedd village of Talsarnau. With its circle of
Free; open year-round. Navan Centre costs from £5.60/£3.40 adult/child (028 3752 9644; visitarmagh.com/places-toexplore/navan-centre-fort)
Newforge House, a grand Georgian hotel in Magheralin, has doubles from £125pn B&B (telegraph.co.uk/ tt-newforge-house-hotel)
The stones at Stanness in Orkney date to Neolithic times