The Essen­tials

Timeless Travels Magazine - - UZBEKISTAN -

Time Dif­fer­ence: GMT + 5


The of­fi­cial lan­guage is Uzbek, but Rus­sian and Ta­jik are also spo­ken, the lat­ter par­tic­u­larly in Bukhara and Sa­markand where there is a large eth­nic pop­u­la­tion. How­ever, Rus­sian is used par­tic­u­larly in the cities for gov­ern­ment and busi­ness use and is spo­ken as a sec­ond lan­guage by many.


There is no par­tic­u­lar dress code in the large cities, although in a Mus­lim coun­try it is al­ways ad­vis­able to dress con­ser­va­tively, for both men and women. How­ever, in the more ru­ral ar­eas, it is not rec­om­mended to wear shorts and when vis­it­ing re­li­gious places shorts are def­i­nitely not rec­om­mended and women should al­ways cover shoul­ders and chest.

Elec­tri­cal Cur­rent/ Plugs:

220 AC volts. Plugs are rounded two-pronged va­ri­ety.

Main Cities:

The cap­i­tal is Tashkent with Na­man­gan, Sa­markand and Andi­jon the largest cities.


Is­lam is the pre­dom­i­nant re­li­gion as 90% of the pop­u­la­tion are Mus­lim (mostly Sun­nis), with Rus­sian Ortho­dox Chris­tians mak­ing up c.5% of the pop­u­la­tion.


It is not rec­om­mended to drink the tap wa­ter. Bot­tled wa­ter can be bought through­out the coun­try.


The Re­pub­lic of Uzbek­istan is a uni­tary, con­sti­tu­tional, pres­i­den­tial re­pub­lic with twelve prov­inces, one au­ton­o­mous province and one in­de­pen­dent city. It de­clared in­de­pen­dence from the Soviet Union in 1991.


Fixed hol­i­days are New Years Day, 14 Jan­uary (Day of De­fend­ers of the Mother­land); 8 March (In­ter­na­tional Women’s Day); 21 March (Nowruz); 9 May (Re­mem­brance Day); 1 Septem­ber (In­de­pen­dence Day); 1 Oc­to­ber (Teacher’s Day); 8 De­cem­ber (Con­sti­tu­tion Day). Ramadan Khait and Kur­ban Khait, two ma­jor Mus­lim hol­i­days, are cel­e­brated each year ac­cord­ing to the lu­nar cal­en­dar.


Uzbek­istan has large de­posits of gold, cop­per, ura­nium and nat­u­ral gas, with the fourth largest gold de­posits in the world. It is also one of the top five global pro­duc­ers of cot­ton.


Uzbek­istan is Cen­tral Asia’s most pop­u­lous coun­try, with 34% of its pop­u­la­tion younger than four­teen. Uzbecks are the ma­jor­ity of the pop­u­la­tion (80%), with other eth­nic groups in­clud­ing Rus­sians, Ta­jiks, Kaza­khs, Karakalpak­s, Ar­me­ni­ans and Tatars. There is also an eth­nic Korean pop­u­la­tion that was forcibly lo­cated to the re­gion by Stalin from the Soviet Far East in 1937-1938.


It is gen­er­ally warmest in the south and cold­est in the north of the coun­try. In De­cem­ber, tem­per­a­tures av­er­age from mi­nus eight de­grees in the north and 0 de­grees in the south. Dur­ing the sum­mer, tem­per­a­tures can reach as high as 45 de­grees. Spring and au­tumn are the best times to travel.

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