Red sea reveals Roman and Islamic shipwrecks
oint team of erman and audi archaeologists has been systematically mapping and documenting a number of archaeological and historically relevant sites in the area between Rabigh and l huaibah to the north and south of eddah.
These sites include shipwrecks, harbours and anchorages as well as settlements connected with seafaring. The aim of the pro ect is the reconstruction of maritime trading and transport routes in the Red ea on the basis of archaeological evidence to be combined with literary and epigraphic sources.
The east coast of the Red ea is archaeologically largely une plored but recent findings indicate that this area of the Saudi Arabian coast was frequented by ships from the editerranean in anti uity. Remains of the cargo of two ancient shipwrecks on a reef near the port entrance of Sharm Abhur in the north of Jeddah are a promising starting point for the exploration of the commercial and maritime history of the audi rabian coast.
vidence indicates that one of the wrecks has amphorae that belong to the cargo of a late Roman shipwreck from the estern editerranean. Fragments of 20 amphorae of the 3rd/4th century AD suggest that the ship, in addition to other perishable goods, transported a cargo of oil from southern pain. The second wreck site shows evidence for a trade of agricultural products which took place between the 5th and the 7th century AD and is one of the few indications for a sea route from Aqaba to a port along the coast of the Arabian Peninsula or even a destination in the Indian cean.
erman archaeologist ichaela Reinfeld said many underwater remains are waiting to be discovered. he said it was part of her team’s ob in the ingdom to train audis in the field of underwater archaeology.
Underwater excavations in the Red Sea