Time difference: Mexico has three time zones, with most of Mexico including Mexico City and Merida, six hours behind GMT.
The second time zone starts just north of Puerto Vallarta (but does not include it), and affects all areas on the coast north of the city, and all of Baja California Sur. Chichuahua City is not affected by this time zone change as it is too far east. This time zone is one hour behind Mexico City.
The third time zone begins in the northern reaches of Baja California, ie the northern area of the peninsula. This area is two hours behind Mexico City.
Language: Spanish is the first language of Mexico, and the country has the largest Spanish-speaking population in the world, with almost a third of all Spanish native speakers. There are 68 linguistic groups recognised in Mexico with 364 different specific varieties of indigenous languages.
Tipping: Tipping is important in Mexico as most people working in the tourism and service sectors rely on tips to supplement their basic pay.
Electrical Current/ Plugs: The voltage is the same as the USA: 120V, 60 Hz. The plugs are two flat prongs.
Culture: Mexican culture is a mix of its indigenous cultures and that of Spain, who colonised Mexico for 300 years.
Religion: Mexico is a Christian country with over 80% of the population designated as Roman Catholic.
Water: The water is not safe to drink in Mexico, and it is also advisable to check whether ice is made from bottled water and that salads have not been washed in tap water. All main hotels and good restaurants should use purified water.
Politics: The United Mexican States has a democratically elected government and has a presidential system according to the 1917 Constitution.