Short modern history
In 1930 the idea for a separate Muslim state was proposed by the writer and poet Muhammad Iqbal . He called for a separate and autonomous nationstate, which he felt was essential in an otherwise Hindu-dominated South Asia. The name of Pakistan was suggested by a political science student and Muslim nationalist Rahmat Ali from Cambridge University and was published on 28 January 1933 in the pamphlet Now
or Never. However, not all Muslims supported the idea, preferring to live in one nation with their Hindu neighbours.
Pakistan was created on 14 August 1947, the day before India was given its independence from British rule. The two provinces of British India, Punjab and Bengal, were divided along religious lines, but many inhabitants were caught ‘on the wrong side’ of the partition, and rioting broke out resulting in many deaths. Disagreement over the area of Kashmir resulted in a war between the two new nations.