Short mod­ern his­tory

Timeless Travels Magazine - - PAKISTAN -

In 1930 the idea for a sep­a­rate Mus­lim state was pro­posed by the writer and poet Muham­mad Iqbal . He called for a sep­a­rate and au­ton­o­mous na­tion­state, which he felt was es­sen­tial in an oth­er­wise Hindu-dom­i­nated South Asia. The name of Pak­istan was sug­gested by a po­lit­i­cal science stu­dent and Mus­lim na­tion­al­ist Rah­mat Ali from Cam­bridge Univer­sity and was pub­lished on 28 Jan­uary 1933 in the pam­phlet Now

or Never. How­ever, not all Mus­lims sup­ported the idea, pre­fer­ring to live in one na­tion with their Hindu neigh­bours.

Pak­istan was cre­ated on 14 Au­gust 1947, the day be­fore In­dia was given its in­de­pen­dence from Bri­tish rule. The two prov­inces of Bri­tish In­dia, Pun­jab and Ben­gal, were di­vided along re­li­gious lines, but many in­hab­i­tants were caught ‘on the wrong side’ of the par­ti­tion, and ri­ot­ing broke out re­sult­ing in many deaths. Dis­agree­ment over the area of Kash­mir re­sulted in a war be­tween the two new na­tions.

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