Origin of the names Newfoundland and Labrador
The province of Newfoundland and Labrador is one of the ten provinces and three territories that make up Canada. Newfoundland is one of four Atlantic provinces in Canada.
The names of the provinces reflect the influence of early Portuguese exploration: Newfoundland is a translation of the Portuguese Terra Nova, which literally means
new land and the name of Labrador is thought to derive from the surname of the Portuguese navigator João Fernandes Lavrador, who explored the coast of Greenland.
References to 'lavrador's land' evolved into the area's name, Labrador. The term was first applied to a section of the coast of Greenland, but the area of Labrador now includes all the northern islands in the region.
Previously called only Newfoundland, the province officially became Newfoundland and Labrador in December 2001, when an amendment was made to the Constitution of Canada.