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Troy has long served as an inspiration through its centrality in the world-famous epics of poets such as Homer and Virgil, whose works continue to be read today. Professor Manfred Osman Korfmann, the legendary archaeologist of Troy, emphasizes the city’s importance, writing: "Troy is the best-known cultural heritage site in the world after Jerusalem; a fact which highlights the reputation of the name Troy across seven continents in a wide range of disciplines."
Reference point for many civilisations
Troy is considered a significant reference point for several civilisations. The influence of Troy is apparent in Greek mythology and art, in the roots of European Culture, in that of the Caucasus to Persian Culture, in several Anatolian Civilisations, in the roots of Roman culture, in that of Paris and beyond. Famous leaders such as Xerxes, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Fatih the Conqueror, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, and many more have been inspired and motivated by the tale of Troy.
A centre of dialogue between east and west
Troy has played a vital role between east and west since 2,000 B.C. Manfred Osman Korfmann notes how Troy served "an indispensable function as a communication and trade centre in the region between Asia and Europe" in the 2nd and 3rd centuries B.C. According to Korfmann, Troy was a centre of high culture which grew from the civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt and that of the Hittites. Korfmann notes that Troy served the function of "a bridge and intermediary in spreading this cultural centre".
Therefore, contrary to the Western-oriented concept of civilization - which has been maintained steadily since the nineteenth century - Troy’s influence as an intermediary suggests the West borrowed the values, which were the basis of its own culture and civilization, from the East.
A reconstruction of the fortress and lower city