About Suriname, South America
Known today as the Republic of Suriname, the country is a sovereign state on the north-eastern coast of South America. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and Brazil to the south. It is the smallest country in South America.
Suriname was inhabited by an indigenous population before being explored and contested by European powers from the 16th century, eventually coming under Dutch rule in the late 17th century. During the Dutch colonial period, it was primarily a plantation economy dependent on African slaves and, following the abolition of slavery, indentured servants from Asia. In 1954, Suriname became one of the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. On 25 November 1975, the country of Suriname left the Kingdom of the Netherlands to become an independent state, nonetheless maintaining close economic, diplomatic, and cultural ties with the Netherlands.
Culturally, Suriname is considered to be a Caribbean country. Dutch is still the official language of government, business, media, and education, but Sranan, an English-based creole language, is also widely used. Suriname is the only sovereign nation outside Europe where Dutch is spoken by a majority of the population. As a legacy of colonisation, the people of Suriname are among the most diverse in the world, spanning a multitude of ethnic, religious, and linguistic groups.
Most of the population live on the Northern coast and in and around the capital, Paramaribo.