About Suri­name, South Amer­ica

Timeless Travels Magazine - - INTREPID TRAVELLER -

Known to­day as the Repub­lic of Suri­name, the coun­try is a sov­er­eign state on the north-east­ern coast of South Amer­ica. It is bor­dered by the At­lantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and Brazil to the south. It is the small­est coun­try in South Amer­ica.

Suri­name was in­hab­ited by an indige­nous pop­u­la­tion be­fore be­ing ex­plored and con­tested by Euro­pean pow­ers from the 16th cen­tury, even­tu­ally com­ing un­der Dutch rule in the late 17th cen­tury. Dur­ing the Dutch colo­nial pe­riod, it was pri­mar­ily a plan­ta­tion econ­omy de­pen­dent on African slaves and, fol­low­ing the abo­li­tion of slav­ery, in­den­tured ser­vants from Asia. In 1954, Suri­name be­came one of the con­stituent coun­tries of the King­dom of the Nether­lands. On 25 Novem­ber 1975, the coun­try of Suri­name left the King­dom of the Nether­lands to be­come an in­de­pen­dent state, nonethe­less main­tain­ing close eco­nomic, diplo­matic, and cul­tural ties with the Nether­lands.

Cul­tur­ally, Suri­name is con­sid­ered to be a Caribbean coun­try. Dutch is still the of­fi­cial lan­guage of gov­ern­ment, busi­ness, me­dia, and ed­u­ca­tion, but Sranan, an English-based cre­ole lan­guage, is also widely used. Suri­name is the only sov­er­eign na­tion out­side Europe where Dutch is spo­ken by a ma­jor­ity of the pop­u­la­tion. As a legacy of coloni­sa­tion, the peo­ple of Suri­name are among the most di­verse in the world, span­ning a mul­ti­tude of eth­nic, re­li­gious, and lin­guis­tic groups.

Most of the pop­u­la­tion live on the North­ern coast and in and around the cap­i­tal, Para­maribo.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from UK

© PressReader. All rights reserved.