On this day
1284: Peterhouse College, Cambridge, was founded. 1732: Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn was born. He went on to compose 104 symphonies and numerous chamber and vocal works. 1837: English landscape painter John Constable, who painted The Hay Wain, died. 1855: Charlotte Bronte, eldest of the Bronte sisters and author of Jane Eyre, died. 1889: The 985ft- high Eiffel Tower, costing £ 260,000, was officially opened by French premier Pierre Tirard. 1939: Britain and France pledged to support Poland against any aggression from Hitler’s Germany. 1959: The Dalai Lama was granted political asylum in India, having arrived in the country fleeing Chinese repression of an uprising in Tibet. 1973: Red Rum won the Grand National in record time - nine minutes 1.9 seconds. 1980: Jesse Owens, winner of four Olympic golds in Berlin in 1936, died.