Western Mail - - WM2 / VIEWS OF WALES -

1649: Ti­tus Oates, Angli­can pri­est and fab­ri­ca­tor of the “Popish Plot” in 1678, was born.

1830: At the of­fi­cial open­ing of the Liver­pool and Manch­ester Rail­way, Bri­tain’s first rail­way fa­tal­ity oc­curred when MP Wil­liam Huskisson stepped from a train to shake hands with the Duke of Welling­ton - and was run over.

1859: Isam­bard King­dom Brunel, prob­a­bly the great­est Bri­tish en­gi­neer, died. He de­signed the Clifton sus­pen­sion bridge and many oth­ers, and also de­signed and built the three largest ships in the world.

1871: The Army and Navy Co-op­er­a­tive be­gan the first mail or­der busi­ness to meet the needs of its mem­bers in Bri­tain and over­seas.

1890: Agatha Christie, cre­ator of Her­cule Poirot and Miss Marple, and writer of de­tec­tive sto­ries which sold more than 300 mil­lion copies, was born in Torquay.

1916: Tanks went into bat­tle for the first time for the Bri­tish Army, in the Somme. De­signed by Sir Ernest Swin­ton, they rev­o­lu­tionised bat­tle strat­egy.

1935: At a Nurem­berg rally, Adolf Hitler is­sued new de­crees which rel­e­gated Jews to sub-hu­man sta­tus and made the swastika the of­fi­cial Ger­man flag.

1974: Civil war broke out in Beirut be­tween Chris­tians and Mus­lims.

1985: Tony Jack­lin’s Euro­pean team won the Ry­der Cup from the US who had long dom­i­nated the com­pe­ti­tion.

2008: Zim­babwe pres­i­dent Robert Mu­gabe and op­po­si­tion lead­ers signed a land­mark deal un­der which the leader of nearly three decades was to cede some power.

Birthdays: Clive Mer­ri­son, ac­tor, 73; Tommy Lee Jones, ac­tor, 72; Oliver Stone, film di­rec­tor, 72; Jaki Gra­ham, singer, 62; Prince Harry, 34; Clare Maguire, singer, 30.

> Birthdays: From left, Tommy Lee Jones and Prince Harry

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