Western Morning News
On this day
1596: Sir Francis Drake died at sea off Panama.
1756: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg. He composed 20 operas, 17 masses, 41 symphonies, 27 string quartets and 21 piano concertos -
and still died a pauper in 1791, aged 35. 1778: Joseph Bramah patented the valved flush toilet.
1832: Lewis Carroll, children’s author, was born in Daresbury, near Warrington, as Charles Lutwidge Dodgson.
1859: Kaiser Wilhelm II, third German emperor and grandson of Queen
Victoria, was born. He was forced to abdicate after the First World War.
1879: Edison patented his electric lamp.
1885: Jerome Kern, US composer regarded as the father of the modern musical, was born in New York. His major work was Show Boat.
1901: Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer whose operas include Rigoletto, Traviata and Aida, died aged 87.
1926: John Logie Baird gave a public demonstration of television to members of the Royal Institution in London.
1944: The 900-day siege of Leningrad ended.
1951: Atomic bombs were tested in Nevada for the first time.
1967: Round-the-world yachtsman Francis Chichester was knighted by the Queen at Greenwich with a sword which once belonged to Sir Francis Drake.
1973: America signed a ceasefire to end its military action in Vietnam.
1992: Gennifer Flowers accused Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton of being a liar after he denied having a 12-year affair with her.
2010: American novelist JD Salinger, the author of The Catcher In The Rye, died aged 91.