What Hi-Fi (UK)

Sony VPL-VW590ES

should you buy? which 4K projector


only one winner… 4K projectors, but Two stunning native

We’ve all missed going to the cinema over the past year, so it’s little wonder that many film fans are dreaming of having their own home cinema.

You get to choose what features are showing, have the pick of the best seats in the house, and no one’s going to complain if you chew your popcorn too loudly. Building and upgrading are half the fun too and, with a projector the core of any big home cinema set-up, it’s always good to be on the lookout for the next model.

While we wait for 8K to be of consequenc­e, native 4K is the way to go. The good news is that your research does not have to be extensive. For most people, choosing between either the JVC DLA-N5 or the Sony VPL-VW590ES is as far as you’ll need to go.

Look through our catalogue of reviews and you’ll see that Sony and JVC are the dominant forces when it comes to producing 4K projectors that use native 4K display panels. The likes of Epson,

Benq, Samsung, LG, Optoma and others also sell 4K projectors, but they tend to use Full HD panels combined with pixel shifting technology to achieve the full 4K resolution. This is a cheaper solution for sure, but it falls short of the quality achievable by using native 4K chips

With both the JVC DLA-N5 and the Sony VPL-VW590ES, that step up in performanc­e is evident. Both of these native 4K projectors received five-star reviews when we put them through their paces. For black depth, detail, contrast and colour these two have aced it already; but nobody needs two projectors for their home cinema. you have a decent-sized AV rack or a properly installed ceiling mount. If size and weight are limitation­s – if your ceiling bracket can only take so much, for example – then the Sony has the edge. At 14kg, it’s considerab­ly lighter than the JVC (20kg). Even so, these are not projectors to sit on your coffee table.

The size of your room itself is also something to consider. If you’re looking to achieve a 100in picture, you’ll need a distance of at least 3.1m between the lens and your screen with the Sony. If it’s tight, then bear in mind that the focal length of the Sony is slightly shorter. The JVC will focus that same 100in from a minimum of 3.16m. The Sony can also go a fair bit bigger too, with the lens rated for a picture of up to 300in. JVC states an upper limit of 200in on the diagonal.

Both the Sony and JVC have motorised lens shift features that allow you to move the image up, down, left and right, by pretty much the same degree, until the picture is just where it needs to be. Ideally, it’s best to get the projector as close to the perfect placement as possible before using the lens shift. This approach minimises any lens distortion­s.

“The Sony also goes a fair bit bigger too, with the lens rated for a picture of up to 300in – JVC states an upper limit of 200in on the diagonal”

While focus, zoom and lens shift are all motorised, neither of these two projectors has a motorised lens cap. It’s far from a dealbreake­r, just be careful when you place them back on, so as not to upset your carefully calibrated lens adjustment­s.

There are button controls on both of these projectors, but you’ll be wedded to the remote control most of the time. Both remotes are backlit, so you can find what you’re looking for in the dark. They are also both excellent, with full features and handy shortcuts to the settings you need. The Sony remote has a shade more functional­ity, but the JVC’S is perhaps a touch simpler. There’s not much between them on that front.

The other area of design that might need some careful considerat­ion is what’s inside these machines. When buying any projector, it’s worth considerin­g what kind of technology you’re signing up for. Some projectors are transmissi­ve (with a backlight shining through LCD crystals) while others are reflective,including Texas Instrument­s’ DLP chips, which use micromirro­rs to create the pixels.

These systems have different advantages and disadvanta­ges, but there’s no need to get too bogged down in that for this comparison. That’s because both of these projectors use LCOS projection (liquid crystal on silicon). Sony’s version is called SXRD and JVC’S is D-ILA. LCOS manages to merge many of the advantages of both LCD and DLP tech. Neither version appears to be inherently better than the other but, combined with each company’s glassware and image processors, there are certainly some difference­s in performanc­e.


on the serious business of performanc­e instead. As such, you won’t find any built-in speakers or smart platforms here – and nor should you want them.

There is one major feature difference between the two. The Sony has a 3D emitter built-in, while those wanting to watch 3D films on the JVC will need to buy the RF 3D Synchro Emitter PK-EM2 plug-in as an extra. At less than £100, it’s not a huge cost on top of the overall device and, at the time of writing, would still make the JVC cheaper than the Sony. Neither machine comes with 3D glasses in the box. Expect to pay £50-100 a pair.

Replacemen­t projector lamps are another potential cost. Both are rated at 1800 ANSI lumens but, according to the manufactur­er estimation­s, Sony’s should last longer. It’s predicted to last up to 6000 hours in ‘Low’ mode before it needs replacing, whereas the JVC will give you 4500 hours in its eco setting. We wouldn’t read too much into those stats, though. They are only estimation­s and we recommend running the lamps at maximum output anyway.

These hours represent a fair bit of viewing, but all the same, if you do need

“When buying any projector, it is worth considerin­g what kind of technology you’re signing up for”

to replace the lamp before you upgrade to an 8K projector, then, for now, the JVC’S replacemen­t lamp comes in marginally more expensive than the Sony’s. Expect to pay £300-500.

Both projectors feature a pair of HDMI 2.0 ports, which will do just fine for all your 4K HDR source material. It’s worth noting that the Sony also has a USB 2.0 input, whereas the JVC doesn’t. It’s not a game-changer, but perhaps something you’ll miss when one day you realise it will come in handy for your big screen holiday slideshow.

Gamers should also note that both of these 4K projectors have low latency modes, which should work nicely for some 200in PS5 or Xbox Series X action.



The pictures created by both of these projectors are excellent, but they have slightly different characters. Once calibrated, the colour performanc­e of the Sony VPL-VW590ES is particular­ly breathtaki­ng. You can also use the Reality Creation menus to add some intense and granular levels of 4K detail that are outstandin­g for a projector at this price. It brings a pleasing texture and vibrancy to every part of the on-screen image.

As ever, Sony’s Motionflow tech does a superb job of keeping the picture looking smooth and natural, even with rapid camera pans. It delivers excellent tonal detail in light and dark areas, even in scenes of mixed lighting, thanks to some pinpoint contrast control. You’ll need to work with the Dynamic Iris and Contrast Enhancer settings to find an acceptable balance between black depth and dark detail. Neither the Sony nor the JVC supports Dolby Vision HDR or HDR10+. These standards aren’t available on most projectors right now, but both machines have in-built ways of their own to process HDR content to good effect.

For Sony, it’s the Dynamic Iris which can adjust the contrast parameters according to the frame-by-frame analysis of its Dynamic HDR Enhance algorithms. That’s all powered by the ‘X1 for Projector’ chip – the same picture processor as used in Sony’s Bravia TVS, but optimised for projectors instead.

While Sony’s contrast tech does an excellent job, the Frame Adapt HDR system in the JVC is a step above. There are virtually no details lost to the shadows and there’s even a black depth that, while it doesn’t quite reach OLED TV levels, beats plenty of LCD TVS and is certainly better than any other projector you’ll find at this price.

What’s particular­ly impressive, compared with both TV tech and the rival Sony projector, is how seamlessly the JVC can blend one tone into another. This machine creates a wonderfull­y realistic sense of dimension to character and costumes making for an image you just want to bathe in. Colours are full and complex and the whole image is consistent and sharp.

“The Sony projector is set up better to enjoy standardde­finition content, whereas the JVC machine cannot upscale SD content to the full-screen size”

The Sony’s shading skills are a bit more binary, in terms of contrast, rather than smooth and subtle, and that results in an appearance that’s dynamic but less natural and less engaging than the JVC.

It’s worth noting that the Sony is set up better to enjoy standard definition content, whereas the JVC cannot upscale standard-def content to the full-screen size. Anything below 1920 x 1080 is simply scaled by four times the native resolution of the source. So, a 480p source at 720 x 480 will be displayed as 1440 x 960 and fill about one-ninth of the display. The Sony’s upscaled DVDS will fill your whole screen.

But are you really buying a projector like this to watch DVDS? Even if you are, there will be other devices in your AV chain that can do the upscaling instead.



We’d happily live with either of these excellent native 4K projectors in our home cinema, but if we had to choose just one, it would be the JVC DLA-N5.

There are a few practical advantages to the Sony VPL-VW590ES – it is slightly easier to accommodat­e and is set up better for both standard definition playback and 3D films. However, the JVC machine is the better performer and that’s by far the most important metric of a projector at this level.

The JVC’S superior contrast control and HDR handling allow it to more consistent­ly produce deeper blacks and better shading. It offers just as much drama as the Sony, but with a better sense of reality and depth to the image.

It is the best projector you can buy at this price and, with JVC always working on new picture technologi­es for future firmware upgrades, it’s only going to get better. Home cinema heaven? We certainly think so.

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 ??  ?? The JVC can go up to 200in on the diagonal, dwarfing any TV screen
The JVC can go up to 200in on the diagonal, dwarfing any TV screen
 ??  ?? The Sony is a big machine, but is a few kilos lighter than its JVC rival
The Sony is a big machine, but is a few kilos lighter than its JVC rival
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 ??  ?? The JVC’S two HDMI 2.0 ports will work fine for your 4K content
The JVC’S two HDMI 2.0 ports will work fine for your 4K content
 ??  ?? There are button controls on the JVC and a backlit remote control
There are button controls on the JVC and a backlit remote control
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 ??  ?? The Sony has a USB 2.0 port, giving it a slight edge here...
The Sony has a USB 2.0 port, giving it a slight edge here...
 ??  ?? It also has a few practical advantages over the JVC machine
It also has a few practical advantages over the JVC machine

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