Bri­tain’s old­est sy­n­a­gogue founded

The Holy Con­gre­ga­tion Gate of Heaven sy­n­a­gogue opened in Be­vis Marks in 1701.

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The ex­pan­sion of Lon­don’s Span­ish and Por­tuguese Jewish com­mu­nity left them need­ing a per­ma­nent place of wor­ship. This de­mand was met by a new sy­n­a­gogue, opened in Be­vis Marks in the City of Lon­don un­der Rabbi David Ni­eto.

The sy­n­a­gogue was built by a Quaker, Joseph Avis, who de­clined to take his full fee be­cause he be­lieved that it would be wrong to profit from build­ing a house of God.

Jewish lead­ers were con­scious that their com­mu­nity had only re­cently been al­lowed to set­tle in Eng­land, and fined mem­bers of their con­gre­ga­tion whose con­duct brought Jews into dis­re­pute.

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