Phil To­maselli out­lines the cru­cial events of the war, from its out­break in Au­gust 1918 to the Ar­mistice in Novem­ber 1918

Who Do You Think You Are? Magazine - - ANCESTORS WW1 -

4 Au­gust

Fol­low­ing Ger­many’s in­va­sion of neu­tral Bel­gium, Bri­tain de­clares war, sup­port­ing France and Rus­sia against Ger­many and Aus­tria-Hun­gary. Within days Bri­tish troops have crossed to France.

23 Au­gust

The Bat­tle of Mons oc­curs. Bri­tish troops re­treat al­most to Paris be­fore join­ing French coun­ter­at­tacks in Septem­ber.

19 Oc­to­ber

The First Bat­tle of Ypres be­gins and the city is held (just). By Christ­mas an un­bro­ken trench line runs from the Chan­nel to the Swiss bor­der.

10 March

The Bat­tle of Neu­veChapelle launches a series of bat­tles (in­clud­ing Au­bers Ridge and Fes­tu­bert) in sup­port of larger French at­tacks fur­ther south.

25 April

Af­ter Turkey joined the Ger­man side in late 1914, Bri­tish, Em­pire and French troops be­gin land­ing at Gal­lipoli to clear a naval route to Con­stantino­ple.

25 Septem­ber

Bri­tain’s big­gest land con­tri­bu­tion so far, the Bat­tle of Loos be­gins in sup­port of French at­tacks. De­spite some progress heavy ca­su­al­ties cause it to halt.

8 Jan­uary

Af­ter ex­cep­tion­ally heavy fight­ing against de­ter­mined Turk­ish re­sis­tance, Gal­lipoli is fi­nally evac­u­ated with vir­tu­ally no ca­su­al­ties.

27 Jan­uary

Heavy ca­su­al­ties and the rel­a­tive fail­ure of vol­un­tary en­list­ment schemes force the in­tro­duc­tion of con­scrip­tion. Al­though there were ex­cep­tions, most young men could now be con­scripted.

1 July

The first day of the Bat­tle of the Somme. De­spite 60,000 Bri­tish ca­su­al­ties it’s de­cided to ex­ploit suc­cesses in the south. The bat­tle of­fi­cially ends on 18 Novem­ber.

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