Scot’s pines are the flagship tree species of the Caledonian Forest but are also one of the world’s most common pine species. The trees are evergreen, can reach heights of up to 35 metres (114.8 feet) and live for several centuries. Many species rely on these trees for shelter or food.
This easily identified native Scottish plant has two small pink bell-shaped flowers on the end of each stalk. Due to habitat loss it is now only found at 50 sites, mainly in the Cairngorms. The flowers are important sources of nectar for insects such as hoverflies and solitary bees.
Juniper is a small tree or bush that is common throughout much of the world but has declined due to habitat loss in many areas of the UK, including the Caledonian Forest. The berries or foliage are eaten by a wide range of animals such as red deer, rabbits and many species of insects.