Know your rein­deer

While all fall un­der the species Rangifer taran­dus, there are sev­eral sub­species

World of Animals - - All About Reindeer -

Peary cari­bou

The small­est of the North Amer­i­can cari­bou, the Peary cari­bou is around 1.4 to 1.7 me­tres (4.6 to 5.9 feet) in length and is found in the North­west Ter­ri­to­ries in Canada and the Arc­tic is­lands of Nu­navut. They en­joy eat­ing the sax­ifrage flower.

Sval­bard rein­deer

Found on the Sval­bard ar­chi­pel­ago of Nor­way, the small­est sub­species of rein­deer has shorter legs, a whiter, thicker fur coat and weighs 90 kilo­grams (198.4 pounds) at most. Well adapted to the cold, it’s the north­ern­most liv­ing her­bi­vore mam­mal.

Bar­ren-ground cari­bou

This cari­bou takes its name from the bar­ren calv­ing grounds in the Cana­dian ter­ri­to­ries of Nu­navut and the North­west Ter­ri­to­ries. They are a medium-sized sub­species and make up 50 per cent of the cari­bou pop­u­la­tion in Canada.

fin­nish for­est rein­deer

Na­tive to Fin­land and north­west Rus­sia, this rein­deer is rarely seen. It is one of the largest sub­species, weigh­ing up to 250 kilo­grams

(551.2 pounds). They have long legs and nar­row, V-shaped antlers to help nav­i­gate the deep snow.

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