Peo­ple in de­prived ar­eas ‘more likely to die of avoid­able cause’

Yorkshire Post - - NEWS -

MALES AND fe­males liv­ing in the most de­prived ar­eas of Eng­land were 4.5 times and 3.9 times more likely to die from an avoid­able cause than those in the least de­prived ar­eas, of­fi­cial fig­ures for 2016 show.

The Of­fice for Na­tional Sta­tis­tics (ONS) said that in Wales, males and fe­males liv­ing in the most de­prived ar­eas were 3.3 times and 3.8 times more likely to die re­spec­tively.

Re­leas­ing fig­ures which mea­sured so­cioe­co­nomic in­equal­i­ties in avoid­able mor­tal­ity in the two coun­tries, it said mor­tal­ity rates for res­pi­ra­tory dis­eases have in­creased since 2001 for those liv­ing in the most de­prived ar­eas.

The largest in­creases were ob­served in Wales, where they were 60 per cent for males and 63 per cent for fe­males. More pos­i­tively, it said mor­tal­ity rates from car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­eases have sig­nif­i­cantly de­creased since 2001 for those liv­ing in the most de­prived ar­eas in both coun­tries, al­though the largest de­clines were ob­served in the least de­prived pop­u­la­tions, rang­ing from 60 per cent to 73 per cent.

Deaths are con­sid­ered avoid­able through good-qual­ity health­care or pub­lic health in­ter­ven­tions such as vac­ci­na­tions or changes to lifestyles. Since 2001, mor­tal­ity rates in the most de­prived ar­eas have re­mained sub­stan­tially higher than the least de­prived ar­eas in both Eng­land and Wales.

The ONS said that, as ex­po­sure to area de­pri­va­tion in­creases, the risk of avoid­able death grows in both coun­tries. Melissa Ben­nett, of the ONS, said: “Over­all avoid­able mor­tal­ity rates have im­proved over the last 16 years for both Eng­land and Wales. How­ever, avoid­able mor­tal­ity rates in the most de­prived ar­eas have not im­proved as quickly as those in the least de­prived ar­eas. This could be be­cause these ar­eas have not ben­e­fited as much from im­prove­ments in mor­tal­ity from car­dio­vas­cu­lar and res­pi­ra­tory dis­eases.”

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