Minh Grigory Nikolaevich (1836 - 1896 gg.)
Minh Grigory Nikolaevich is a infectious disease doctor, epidemiologist and pathologist.
Grigory Nikolaevich Minh was born on September 19 (September 7 under art.) In 1836 in the family of a serviceman in the village of Gryazi in the Lipetsk district of the Tambov province. He received his primary education in the 1st Saratov Gymnasium. In 1856 he entered the medical faculty of Kazan University, and in 1857 he transferred to the Moscow University.
After graduating from the university in 1861 Minh worked for several years as a supernumerary in the Faculty Therapeutic Clinic of Moscow University with Professor GA Zakharin.
In the years 1863-65. Grigory Nikolayevich was on a scientific mission in Germany to study pathological anatomy in R. Virchow, A. Fester and G.-E. Rinfleisch.
In 1868 he was elected a draftor of the Moscow "laborer" hospital.
In 1870, Minh defended his doctoral dissertation on "Towards a Teaching on the Development of False Shells on Serous Surfaces," after which the Academic Council of Moscow University awarded him the degree of Doctor of Medicine.
Since 1872, Grigory Nikolaevich Minh became a prosecutor in the Odessa City Hospital, where he installed a sectional office in the prosectorium, organized a pathoanatomical museum and a histological laboratory.
On April 25, 1974, Minh made an experiment, introducing to himself the blood of a typhoid patient in a skin-cut skin. The disease was severe, but the professor refused treatment, believing that the disease should be studied in its normal course. Hardly having died during the third attack of the disease, he began to slowly recover, continuing his observations. In this way, Minh proved that the spirochete is indeed the causative agent of recurrent typhoid and by contamination one should consider damaged skin.
Also Minhu, along with O.O. Mochutkovsky, has the priority in establishing infectious blood properties of patients with parasitic typhus. In a series of articles, Gregory Nikolaevich called for a fight against "blood-sucking" insects (lice, fleas), indicating their epidemiological importance in the spread of parasitic typhus.
Also, Grigory Nikolayevich Minh studied in detail the pathoanatomically hemorrhagic smallpox. The results of this work were published in the Proceedings of the Odessa Hospital doctors (1875). In addition, in a number of speeches he described changes in the kidney and respiratory tract as a manifestation of smallpox, and it was Minh who explained the pathogenesis of hematuria in hemorrhagic smallpox.
From 1876 to 1895, Minh headed the Department of Pathological Anatomy of Kyiv University.
In 1879, Grigory Nikolayevich Minh was sent to the Astrakhan Province to study the plague epidemic in Vetlianka, examined the border regions of Persia and the Caucasus to determine the spread of the epidemic. He carried out a comprehensive research work, collected and studied a large amount of
material on the basis of which in 1898 (after the author's death) the capital work "Plague in Russia" was published.
Minch's contribution to the study of the plague is truly enormous. He clearly established the duration of the incubation period and the ways of spreading the infection, helped to understand the confusion prevailing then in the views of scientists about the relationship between the bubonic and pulmonary forms of the plague. All this was new in the teachings of infections. Minch's merits in studying the plague were so impressive that they were noted by the tsarist government, awarding the scientist with the Order of St. Anna.
During the work on the outbreak of the plague in Vetlyanka, Grigory Nikolaevich Minh discovered cases of leprosy in the Astrakhan province. Interested in this disease, he participated in special expeditions in the Kherson, Taurida provinces and Turkestan (1880-1885 gg.), Whose goal was to study leprosy. In a series of works Minh deeply studied the epidemiology of leprosy in the Russian Empire and with an incomparable density - the history of leprosy in the ancient East. Minh himself examined the patients, studied ancient sources that cover the history of leprosy in Palestine, Egypt, etc.
On the basis of epidemiological, clinical and ethnographic data, Minh established the infectious nature of leprosy and the duration (2-3 to 12-15 years) of the incubation period of this disease. For the work done, Grigory Nikolaevich Minha was elected an honorary member of the Society for Combating Leprosy in the St. Petersburg Province and a member of the Commission for the Study of Leprosy in England.
Peru Mincha belongs to about 100 scientific works. Along with extensive and diverse scientific activity, he paid much attention to the work of scientific societies, giving presentations on the results of his research on various issues. Grigory Nikolayevich was a member of the Moscow Physico-Medical and Surgical Societies, chairman of the Kiev Society of Physicians, an honorary member of the Odessa and Ekaterinoslav Society of Physicians, a member of the Medical Council of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.
After retiring in 1895, Grigory Nikolaevich Minh settled in Saratov, where he died in 1896.