Women, peace & security
digits since the resolution was passed. The results have had a devastating impact on women’s lives: over half the world’s maternal deaths occur in conflict and fragile countries; about half of out-of-school children of primary school age live in conflict areas; and girls’ net enrolment rate in primary education is 17 points below the global rate. In these conflict areas, the risk of sexual violence, child marriage and HIV infection has increased since 2000.
UN Women wants urgent action to increase women’s active participation in peace and security matters. “This anniversary must mark that threshold moment where words become action,” says Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, the head of UN Women.
The resolution was passed on the eve of International Women’s Day in 2000 after “extensive stonewalling” by some members, recalls Anwarul Chowdhury, a former permanent representative of Bangladesh to the UN, who was the president of the UN Security Council at the time.
As the world marked the resolution’s fifteenth anniversary in October, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon launched the global study on resolution 1325, carried out to determine how it has been implemented since its inception. According to the study, Preventing Conflict, Transforming Justice, Securing the Peace, the resolution has had a remarkable impact on women’s participation in all areas of peace and security. “I have highlighted women’s leadership in peacebuilding as a priority. I have asked 15% of all peacebuilding funds to be devoted to advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment,” said the secretary-general during the launch of the report. “We have made some advances but we must do much more, and we must do it faster.”