Women, peace & se­cu­rity

Africa Renewal - - Con­tents -

dig­its since the res­o­lu­tion was passed. The re­sults have had a dev­as­tat­ing im­pact on women’s lives: over half the world’s ma­ter­nal deaths oc­cur in con­flict and frag­ile coun­tries; about half of out-of-school chil­dren of pri­mary school age live in con­flict ar­eas; and girls’ net en­rol­ment rate in pri­mary ed­u­ca­tion is 17 points be­low the global rate. In these con­flict ar­eas, the risk of sex­ual vi­o­lence, child mar­riage and HIV in­fec­tion has in­creased since 2000.

UN Women wants ur­gent ac­tion to in­crease women’s ac­tive par­tic­i­pa­tion in peace and se­cu­rity mat­ters. “This an­niver­sary must mark that thresh­old mo­ment where words be­come ac­tion,” says Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, the head of UN Women.

The res­o­lu­tion was passed on the eve of In­ter­na­tional Women’s Day in 2000 af­ter “ex­ten­sive stonewalling” by some mem­bers, re­calls An­warul Chowd­hury, a for­mer per­ma­nent rep­re­sen­ta­tive of Bangladesh to the UN, who was the pres­i­dent of the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil at the time.

As the world marked the res­o­lu­tion’s fif­teenth an­niver­sary in Oc­to­ber, UN Sec­re­tary-Gen­eral Ban Ki-moon launched the global study on res­o­lu­tion 1325, car­ried out to de­ter­mine how it has been im­ple­mented since its in­cep­tion. Ac­cord­ing to the study, Prevent­ing Con­flict, Trans­form­ing Jus­tice, Se­cur­ing the Peace, the res­o­lu­tion has had a re­mark­able im­pact on women’s par­tic­i­pa­tion in all ar­eas of peace and se­cu­rity. “I have high­lighted women’s lead­er­ship in peace­build­ing as a pri­or­ity. I have asked 15% of all peace­build­ing funds to be de­voted to ad­vanc­ing gen­der equal­ity and women’s em­pow­er­ment,” said the sec­re­tary-gen­eral dur­ing the launch of the re­port. “We have made some ad­vances but we must do much more, and we must do it faster.”

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from USA

© PressReader. All rights reserved.