Albuquerque Journal

TODAY IN HISTORY

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TODAY IS WEDNESDAY, JAN. 20, the 20th day of 2021. There are 345 days left in the year.

TODAY’S HIGHLIGHT IN HISTORY: On this date in 1986, the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.

In 1265, England’s first representa­tive Parliament met for the first time.

In 1801, Secretary of State John Marshall was nominated by President John Adams to be chief justice of the United States. (Marshall would be sworn in on Feb. 4, 1801.)

In 1887, the U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.

In 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first chief executive to be inaugurate­d on Jan. 20 instead of March 4.

In 1942, Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their “final solution” that called for exterminat­ing Europe’s Jews.

In 1961, John F. Kennedy was inaugurate­d as the 35th President of the United States. In 1964, Capitol Records released the album “Meet the Beatles!”

In 1981, Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.

In 1994, Shannon Faulkner became the first woman to attend classes at The Citadel in South Carolina. (Faulkner joined the cadet corps in August 1995 under court order, but soon dropped out, citing isolation and stress from the legal battle.)

In 2007, Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, D-N.Y., launched her first campaign for the White House, saying in a videotaped message on her website: “I’m in, and I’m in to win.”

In 2009, Barack Obama was sworn in as the nation’s 44th, as well as first African American, president.

In 2017, Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th president of the United States, pledging emphatical­ly to empower America’s “forgotten men and women.” Protesters registered their rage against the new president in a chaotic confrontat­ion with police just blocks from the inaugural parade.

TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS: Former astronaut Buzz Aldrin is 91. Olympic gold medal figure skater Carol Heiss is 81. Singer Eric Stewart is 76. Movie director David Lynch is 75. Countryroc­k musician George Grantham (Poco) is 74. Israeli activist Natan Sharansky is 73. Actor Daniel Benzali is 71. Rock musicians Paul Stanley (KISS) and Ian Hill (Judas Priest) are 69. Comedian Bill Maher is 65. Actor Lorenzo Lamas is 63. Actor James Denton is 58. Rock musician Greg K. (The Offspring), country singer John Michael Montgomery and Sophie, Countess of Wessex, are 56. Actor Rainn Wilson is 55. Actor Stacey Dash is 54. TV personalit­y Melissa Rivers is 53. Actor Reno Wilson is 52. Singer Edwin McCain and actor Skeet Ulrich are 51. Rap musician ?uestlove (questlove) (The Roots) is 50. Former United Nations Ambassador Nikki Haley is 49. Rock musician Rob Bourdon (Linkin Park) is 42. Singer-songwriter Bonnie McKee is 37. Country singer Brantley Gilbert is 36. Rock singer Kevin Parker (Tame Impala) is 35. Actor Evan Peters is 34.

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