All About Italy (USA) - - Contents -

Cul­ture alone is not enough, it takes a vi­sion. The Chair­man of the Fon­dazione Terzo Pi­las­tro – In­ter­nazionale (Third Pil­lar Foun­da­tion - In­ter­na­tional), Prof. Avv. Emmanuele F.M. Emanuele, knows this state­ment well. He is a har­bin­ger of our times in pol­i­tics, eco­nom­ics and in strate­gic ar­eas of civil de­vel­op­ment such as art, cul­ture, health, sci­en­tific re­search and those in need.

Baron Emmanuele Francesco Maria Emanuele di Villabianc­a de­scends from one of the most an­cient and il­lus­tri­ous fam­i­lies of the me­dieval age in Spain and south­ern Italy (1263). He is a uni­ver­sity pro­fes­sor, a Supreme Court lawyer, econ­o­mist, ex­pert in fi­nan­cial tax and in­sur­ance is­sues, es­say­ist and writer. Dur­ing his long life, he has demon­strated an ex­cep­tional ca­pac­ity for pre­dict­ing events, so much so that he is of­ten called a “prophet”. He al­ways has bril­liant in­sights, which ini­tially crit­i­cized by many, over time, proved to be ac­cu­rate ... “prophetic”, in fact. By way of ex­am­ple, we re­call that in 1962, his strong crit­i­cism of the C.I.R. (Ital­ian Com­mit­tee for Re­con­struc­tion), and their poli­cies of mas­sive in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion on the coasts of the South and the is­lands. This crit­i­cism was sub­se­quently val­i­dated -Pri­olo, Ter­mini Imerese and Gioia Tauro are dev­as­tated par­adises with now aban­doned in­dus­trial plants- as he pre­dicted. An­other was Prof. Emanuele’s open clash (al­ways with good rea­son) with the Pub­lic Ad­min­is­tra­tion’s pro­pos­als to rad­i­cally re­form the dis­tor­tions and slug­gish­ness of our coun­try’s bu­reau­cracy, es­pe­cially, when there were ini­tia­tives re­lat­ing to pub­lic in­sti­tu­tions. This was the topic of his book “The State and Cit­i­zens. A Nec­es­sary Rev­o­lu­tion “(1996). He has an abil­ity to pre­dict, be­fore any­one else, other crises in the Ital­ian bank­ing sys­tem (well be­fore the Lehman Broth­ers cri­sis). He has a com­mit­ment to a true “Big So­ci­ety”, a con­cept of “ac­tive cit­i­zen­ship” pur­suant to art. 118 of the Con­sti­tu­tion, a topic that is dealt with in his book “The Third Pil­lar. Non-profit Or­ga­ni­za­tions Drive The New Wel­fare Sys­tem ”(2008). He be­lieves in the con­vic­tion of the geopo­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic cen­tral­ity of the Mediter­ranean, as we will see fur­ther on. Fi­nally, in 1978, he was the first Ital­ian to make crit­i­cal as­sess­ments on a united Europe and the Euro. He has con­sis­tently main­tained the need for deep re­form, even sug­gest­ing the rein­tro­duc­tion of a na­tional cur­rency in ad­di­tion to the Euro, i.e. “dual cir­cu­la­tion”. In re­cent decades, af­ter forty cre­ative and var­ied years in the afore­men­tioned pro­fes­sional fields, Prof. Emanuele de­cided to de­vote him­self to phi­lan­thropy, of­ten un­der the radar of the me­dia. Much of his ac­tiv­ity as Chair­man of the Fon­dazione Roma and of the Fon­dazione Terzo Pi­las­tro - Italia e Mediter­ra­neo and fi­nally, to­day, of the Fon­dazione Terzo Pi­las­tro - In­ter­nazionale, has been in­spired by the his­tor­i­cal lessons of Fred­er­ick II, Holy Ro­man Em­peror. A lead­ing char­ac­ter in the his­tory of mankind who lived in his home­land, Si­cily, Fred­er­ick’s pa­tron­age and in­ter­change with rep­re­sen­ta­tives of other cul­tures and re­li­gions changed the face of Italy of that time. Un­der the in­flu­ence of such a prom­i­nent fig­ure, Prof. Emanuele out­lined the pro­file of what he called “third pil­lar”, that a non-profit world is a unique re­source for the well-be­ing of the com­mu­nity.

Chair­man, there is abun­dant talk about Europe in re­cent weeks. Even though you have al­ways been a loyal Euro­pean, you have never shared the poli­cies put in place to cre­ate Europe nor the in­tro­duc­tion of the sin­gle cur­rency. Would you share your rea­son­ing?

A united Europe, in which I have firmly be­lieved in since I was young and in­flu­enced by Altiero Spinelli and his Man­i­festo di Ven­totene, was, in my opinion, badly launched and strayed far from the orig­i­nal con­cept. The sin­gle cur­rency rep­re­sents an im­mense po­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic anom­aly. For this rea­son, dur­ing less sus­pi­cious times, in 1978 pre­cisely, I pro­posed the over­all re­shap­ing of Europe, both eco­nom­i­cally and po­lit­i­cally, with Italy as the lead­ing voice for the need to re­vise the agree­ments that sanc­tioned the birth of the euro. In the last few years, faced with the in­abil­ity to re­de­fine the Euro­pean struc­ture, my vi­sion con­tem­plates a re­form of the mon­e­tary union that al­lows the mem­ber coun­tries that re­quest it, to cir­cu­late their own na­tional cur­rency in their in­ter­nal mar­ket and to use the com­mon cur­rency in ex­ter­nal ex­changes, as is cur­rently hap­pen­ing in many Euro­pean coun­tries. Based on the euro’s dura­bil­ity, and hav­ing de­ter­mined the dev­as­tat­ing im­pact that a tout court exit would have, a soft land­ing would in­clude a grad­ual rein­tro­duc­tion of a new na­tional cur­rency along­side the euro. Cer­tainly, like all eco­nomic pol­icy ac­tions, even a choice in this sense would have costs and ben­e­fits. Such an op­er­a­tion is very com­plex, but it must fi­nally be ad­mit­ted, with wis­dom and far­sight­ed­ness, that the euro is not the only pos­si­ble solution and that Europe as it is will not emerge from the cri­sis in which it finds it­self. It’s bet­ter for our coun­try to at least be­gin to ex­am­ine the pos­si­bil­ity of in­tro­duc­ing a dou­ble cur­rency, rather than con­tinue to hope for mirac­u­lous so­lu­tions that are un­likely to hap­pen.

You have been a tena­cious op­po­nent of the in­ter­pre­ta­tion of the Amato law from where al­most all of the for­mer bank­ing foun­da­tions orig­i­nated. The cor­ner­stone of my thoughts in re­spect to the spirit of the Amato Law con­sists of the duty to sep­a­rate the bank par­tic­i­pa­tion and ren­der the man­age­ment of foun­da­tions open to civil so­ci­ety, and not to the rep­re­sen­ta­tives of po­lit­i­cal par­ties. The Fon­dazione Roma, un­der my guid­ance, is the only Ital­ian foun­da­tion that in 2005 was al­ready fully in­cor­po­rat­ing the spirit of the Amato - Ci­ampi law, and has prac­ti­cally sep­a­rated its par­tic­i­pa­tion in bank cap­i­tal, prov­i­den­tially op­er­at­ing and ded­i­cat­ing it­self ex­clu­sively to phil­an­thropic ac­tiv­ity and con­tribut­ing to the growth of civil wel­fare. It also strongly de­fended its au­ton­omy with an ap­peal against a reck­less law that claimed to in­tro­duce pol­i­tics into a pri­vate sys­tem as the leg­is­la­tors had en­vis­aged. It has firmly re­sisted all pro­pos­als or obli­ga­tions that the reg­u­la­tor wanted to im­pose, such as en­ter­ing the Cassa De­positi e Prestiti (De­posit and Con­sign­ment Of­fice). This is a mis­take that the other foun­da­tions have made and are still pay­ing for, convinced as they were to be­come share­hold­ers while they were not, and con­se­quently pay­ing a for­feit to be­come share­hold­ers after­wards, but not af­ter hav­ing lost a sig­nif­i­cant part of their hold­ings. And fi­nally, the At­lante Fund, which was sup­posed to save the banks in­stead is sink­ing the foun­da­tions. The Fon­dazione Roma has, on the other hand, kept it­self con­sis­tently away from pol­i­tics. This prin­ci­ple, is in the Statute since 2001, and is clearly stated: the pres­ence in the Assem­bly of Mem­bers and in the gov­ern­ing bod­ies of politi­cians or lo­cal rep­re­sen­ta­tives is naught, only civil so­ci­ety is rep­re­sented. These were the rea­sons why the Fon­dazione Roma left ACRI in 2010. ACRI is an as­so­ci­a­tion to­tally based on prin­ci­ples dif­fer­ent from those en­vis­aged by the leg­is­la­tors and, in essence, is in cri­sis in all its work­ings, such as their bal­ance sheets, even the ma­jor ones, which are seen pub­licly. I have dealt with this con­flict in my book “Evo­lu­tion and Vi­cis­si­tudes of Bank­ing Foun­da­tions”, now in its third edi­tion.

Speak­ing of crises, our cur­rent era threat­ens us with ma­jor ones. In ad­di­tion to the many mer­i­to­ri­ous ac­tiv­i­ties car­ried out through the Foun­da­tion, you are in­volved in a think tank aimed at en­cour­ag­ing the pri­vate sec­tor to con­trib­ute in the face such emer­gen­cies...

On my im­pe­tus and sug­ges­tion, since 2006, the Fon­dazione Roma pays con­stant at­ten­tion to the ar­eas of health, sci­en­tific re­search (es­pe­cially the bio­med­i­cal field), aid to the un­der­priv­i­leged, train­ing and ed­u­ca­tion, art and cul­ture, all of which we spoke of a few mo­ments ago. The foun­da­tion acts like a “think tank”, which an­a­lyzes, deep­ens, and de­vel­ops ideas. Ideas are for com­par­i­son and are medium-long term sug­ges­tions to the in­sti­tu­tional de­ci­sion mak­ers; par­tic­u­larly on is­sues such as wel­fare re­form, the im­pact of cor­rup­tion on the eco­nomic sys­tem, the cri­sis of the Euro­pean project and mon­e­tary union. These are all top­ics on which I was prophetic, pre­dict­ing its ad­vent years ahead of their ac­tual oc­cur­rence. Dur­ing the im­por­tant con­fer­ence called “The need for a” Big So­ci­ety “in Italy”, held in Rome on Novem­ber 25th, 2010, af­ter hav­ing out­lined the sce­nario of a global cri­sis then un­der­way, I af­firmed the need for this new model of civil so­ci­ety. This was al­ready sug­gested by me in Italy well be­fore it was achieved in Eng­land un­der Cameron, whose ad­vi­sor Nat-wei stated so at this con­ven­tion. I ar­gued in fact, that the only hope of not be­ing over­whelmed was to be ac­knowl­edged in the non-profit world rep­re­sented by as­so­ci­a­tions, foun­da­tions, and so­cial co­op­er­a­tives.

Prof. Avv. Emmanuele F.M. Emanuele out­lined the pro­file of what he called “third pil­lar”, that a non-profit world is a unique re­source for the well-be­ing of the com­mu­nity.

These are in­sti­tu­tions of ac­tive cit­i­zen­ship, com­prised of the gen­er­ous and the ca­pa­ble, who are re­spon­si­ble and con­sci­en­tious of the com­mon good, a con­stituent that is the glue of civil so­ci­ety, which is men­tioned in 2008 in a book on the sub­ject, called the “Third Pil­lar”. All of this is be­cause the po­lit­i­cal class has al­ways op­posed this type of con­tri­bu­tion to col­lec­tive wel­fare. Ar­ti­cle 118 of the Ital­ian Con­sti­tu­tion, in­tro­duced the prin­ci­ple of sub­sidiar­ity (which pos­tu­lates that, where the State is not able to meet the needs of the com­mu­nity, the au­ton­o­mous ini­tia­tive of the cit­i­zens, both in­di­vid­u­als and as­so­ci­a­tions, should per­form the ac­tiv­i­ties in the com­mon in­ter­est). Again, in this frame­work of my con­cern for the least of our cit­i­zens, I have al­ways felt a strong duty to con­trib­ute to the preser­va­tion of the col­lec­tive mem­ory of per­se­cu­tions that some have suf­fered in the course of his­tory. With this ob­jec­tive, the Fon­dazione Roma has pro­moted a se­ries of ini­tia­tives through the years, projects and events in the­aters and schools aimed at pre­serv­ing the mem­ory of tragic events that hap­pened in his­tory, re­lat­ing to those people and eth­nic groups who have suf­fered per­se­cu­tion. In this re­gard some events in­cluded the Rome Sym­phony Or­ches­tra con­cert on In­ter­na­tional Holo­caust Re­mem­brance Day, ed­u­ca­tional trips to Auschwitz for Ro­man stu­dents, the the­atri­cal per­for­mance “Pi­etre Ur­lanti” on the an­niver­sary of the geno­cide of the Ar­me­nian people, the ex­hi­bi­tion “Le Foibe. From the tragedy to the ex­o­dus “, the show about Na­tive Amer­i­cans called “Lis­ten to the song of the wind”. And now we come to an­other cor­ner­stone of your be­liefs, which in­spired ac­tion. The Fon­dazione Mediter­ra­neo, founded by you and sub­se­quently be­came the Fon­dazione Terzo Pi­las­tro - Italia Mediter­ra­neo and lastly the Fon­dazione Terzo Pi­las­tro - In­ter­nazionale, hav­ing ex­panded its ter­ri­to­rial space, stem from the con­vic­tion of the fun­da­men­tal role of the Mediter­ranean, yes­ter­day like to­day, and above all, to­mor­row ...

I have al­ways con­sid­ered the Mediter­ranean area my main cen­ter of in­ter­est, a place where I can fo­cus at­ten­tion, sen­si­tiv­ity and en­ergy. The Mediter­ranean en­joys the pri­macy in build­ing Western civ­i­liza­tion, and the po­ten­tial to re­vi­tal­ize civ­i­liza­tion, in the face of the crises of the West and the ne­far­i­ous west­ern­iza­tion of the Far East. And can bring back to cen­ter the in­ter­est of hu­man­ity, the val­ues of cul­ture, the love for spirituali­ty and re­turn to those prin­ci­ples. Prin­ci­ples that in the past cen­turies have al­lowed the Mediter­ranean to pros­per and bring to­gether people, ideals and dif­fer­ent con­cepts in a uni­tary identity that has made the dif­fer­ence. Ev­ery­thing that sur­rounds us was born from the Mediter­ranean: po­etry, lit­er­a­ture, art, ed­u­ca­tion, monothe­is­tic re­li­gions, phi­los­o­phy and democ­racy. A her­itage en­shrined over the cen­turies has now be­come an in­te­gral part of world civ­i­liza­tion, so much so, that it leads me to rec­om­mend and firmly sup­port the role of Si­cily as the “Brus­sels” of the Mediter­ranean states. Also, for this rea­son, in May 2018, I be­came the pro­moter for the twen­ti­eth an­niver­sary

of Mul­taqa, the in­ter­na­tional con­fer­ence of the Mediter­ranean, in Agri­gento (in which I’ve par­tic­i­pated in since 2002 as a rep­re­sen­ta­tive of UNESCO). The topic was “Mediter­ranean of Ci­vil­ity and Peace”; three days fo­cus­ing on the con­cept of peace and di­a­logue be­tween Mediter­ranean cul­tures and re­li­gions. With the ac­tive par­tic­i­pa­tion of the high­est rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the monothe­is­tic re­li­gions, Is­lam, Ju­daism and Chris­tian­ity. The con­cept of peace, in my opinion, can keep the hope of good will among men alive. Re­cently the Mayor of Palermo Or­lando has rec­og­nized my in­de­fati­ga­ble com­mit­ment in this di­rec­tion, award­ing me the hon­orary po­si­tion of “Am­bas­sador of Palermo Cul­ture nel Mondo, 2019”.

Hav­ing said that, through the Fon­dazione Terzo Pi­las­tro, I have ac­tively in­ter­vened in the Mediter­ranean area with both so­cial and cul­tural ini­tia­tives. I men­tion only partially: We have contribute­d to the restora­tion of the Cathe­dral of St. Au­gus­tine of Hippo to Annaba in Al­ge­ria. We par­tic­i­pated at the pres­ti­gious El Jem Sym­phonic Mu­sic Fes­ti­val in Tu­nisia with our or­ches­tra. In Jara­mana, Syria, we con­structed a soc­cer field for the lo­cal com­mu­nity and for the Iraqi refugees housed in the same lo­cal­ity. We in­ter­vened in Syria with the “Open Hos­pi­tals” ini­tia­tive sup­port­ing hospi­tal fa­cil­i­ties in Aleppo and Da­m­as­cus; We started the Aqaba-ei­lat project, “One more step to­wards Peace”, with the aim of pro­mot­ing a se­ries of ex­change pro­grams for Arab and Jewish stu­dents from the schools of the Aqaba com­mu­nity and the Ei­lat com­mu­nity.

Chair­man, your in­tu­itions, your ac­tiv­ity and com­mit­ment - in Italy, in the Mediter­ranean and to­day also in the Far East - have earned you the ti­tle of “the last philanthro­pist”. You man­aged to turn a small foun­da­tion, sub­sidiary of an equally small sav­ings bank, into a large char­ity. What has been achieved?

Over the years we pri­mar­ily dealt with the most tragic prob­lem of the now ir­re­versible cri­sis in our coun­try, health­care. And then we fo­cused on sci­en­tific re­search, aid to the un­der­priv­i­leged, ed­u­ca­tion and train­ing, arts and cul­ture. The last two, I love to de­fine as the coun­try’s only true “clean en­ergy”. They are a fun­da­men­tal re­source on which to base the com­pet­i­tive­ness and eco­nomic progress of Italy, and have been a large part of the ac­tiv­i­ties of the Fon­dazione Roma and, sub­se­quently, of the Fon­dazione Terzo Pi­las­tro – In­ter­nazionale and the youngest or­ga­ni­za­tion Fon­dazione Cul­tura e Arte. The most im­por­tant man­i­fes­ta­tion of our de­sire to make our pres­ence felt in the field, is un­doubt­edly the Museo del Corso, cre­ated in 1999 in the Palazzo Cipolla. The Palazzo is the orig­i­nal head­quar­ters of the Cassa Di Ris­parmio di Roma, after­wards of Cap­i­talia, and lastly of Unicredit, from which we ac­quired the Palazzo. In al­most twenty years the ex­hi­bi­tion space of Palazzo Cipolla has cre­ated and hosted 53 ex­hi­bi­tions in Rome, and worked in part­ner­ship with an­other 28 off-site, for a to­tal of 81. An out­come that has not been achieved in our coun­try by any other pub­lic or pri­vate in­sti­tu­tion. Con­sis­tent with my well known con­nec­tion to the Church, I then pro­moted and en­cour­aged the restora­tion of im­por­tant churches. The first restora­tion was the

Basil­ica of San Giuseppe Ar­ti­giano (for­merly S. Bi­a­gio in Amiter­num) in L’aquila af­ter the dev­as­tat­ing earth­quake that struck the city and the sur­round­ing area in 2009. And then we re­stored the Cathe­dral of Sutri, and then the Chapel of the Pon­tif­i­cal Lat­eran Uni­ver­sity, the Basil­ica of St. Paul Out­side the Walls, the Church of the Holy Spirit of the Neapoli­tans, and the Church of St. Mary of the Pri­ory of the SMOM, the one Pi­ranesi re­stored in the 1700s. Also, our en­deav­ors in the mu­sic field are note­wor­thy: We cre­ated the Rome Sym­phony Or­ches­tra in Novem­ber of 2002. We worked on the “Ré­son­nance” project (mu­si­cians led by pi­anist, El­iz­a­beth Som­bart who bring mu­sic to places of des­o­la­tion and suf­fer­ing such as pris­ons, homes for the elderly and hos­pi­tals). And to­day, we back the Or­ches­tra di Pi­azza Vit­to­rio. This or­ches­tra is a group of artists from all over the world, who found in mu­sic a way to give life to a fruit­ful ex­change of sto­ries, ex­pe­ri­ences, cul­tures, all of which re­sults in very orig­i­nal com­po­si­tions. An­other im­por­tant ex­pres­sion of my com­mit­ment in the artis­tic and cul­tural field, is the “Ri­tratti di Poe­sia” an event devoted to po­etry. Founded in 2007 it is my per­sonal ini­tia­tive, one of a kind in Italy. And now in its thir­teenth year.

Your ob­jec­tive was also to bring the foun­da­tions closer to civil so­ci­ety and the needs of people. A so­lic­i­tude to­wards the most frag­ile and dis­ad­van­taged groups... From the be­gin­ning, the foun­da­tions work in the health field is dis­tin­guished by its strong com­mit­ment to pa­tients in an ad­vanced or ter­mi­nal phase of life. As much as 60% of the pro­ceeds gained from the foun­da­tion’s prof­its are di­rected to this area, which has been dra­mat­i­cally ne­glected by the state to­day. First, a hos­pice was cre­ated for ter­mi­nally ill pa­tients and frail elderly people. To­day it also of­fers ser­vices pa­tients with Amy­otrophic Lat­eral Scle­ro­sis (ALS) and Alzheimer’s. It is a per­ma­nent pro­gram that is dear­est to me, be­cause right from the start I was per­son­ally in­volved. In or­der to fur­ther de­velop the project and broaden it to other patholo­gies that have a dev­as­tat­ing im­pact on fam­i­lies, the Emanuele Vil­lage was cre­ated as an al­ter­na­tive an­swer to hos­pi­tal­iza­tion for the crises of dis­eases like Alzheimer’s. It took more than a lit­tle willpower to over­come the count­less bu­reau­cratic and ad­min­is­tra­tive ob­sta­cles. And to­day, the fa­cil­ity, first of its kind in Italy, is fi­nally com­plete and ready to host about 80 res­i­dent pa­tients. It’s com­pletely free of charge, a calm, safe and stim­u­lat­ing set­ting that evokes the fam­ily en­vi­ron­ment and will ben­e­fit res­i­dents with needed at­ten­tion in a dis­creet but ef­fec­tive way. Re­lated to the pre­vi­ous project, the one in fa­vor of hos­pi­tals be­ing in the area where the Foun­da­tion op­er­ates, is the aim of guar­an­tee­ing the pop­u­la­tion a qual­ity health care sys­tem able to meet the de­mands of the users and re­duce wait­ing lists.

Sci­en­tific re­search has for many years been the other sec­tor to which I have given pri­or­ity, par­tic­u­larly the bio­med­i­cal field. I’ve al­ways con­sid­ered sci­en­tific re­search strate­gic and es­sen­tial for an ad­vanced coun­try to main­tain com­pet­i­tive­ness and har­mo­nious civil and so­cial growth, be­yond just eco­nomic growth. We started with the Bi­etti Foun­da­tion for re­search in the field of oph­thal­mol­ogy, signed an agree­ment with the Bio­gem of Ari­ano Ir­pino and cre­ated a foun­da­tion for can­cer re­search that bears my name in Malta. Fur­ther­more, we are in­volved in MEBIC, a col­lab­o­ra­tive project

be­tween the Tor Ver­gata and San Raf­faele Uni­ver­si­ties of Rome, which in­tends to study the shape of cells mag­ni­fied mil­lions of times, the toxic ef­fects of drugs and the in­ter­ac­tion be­tween molecules. In the fu­ture the aim is to an­a­lyze the ef­fects of re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion at the molecular and cel­lu­lar level. Lastly, I would like to add the com­mit­ment of the Fon­dazione Roma - and nowa­days also the Fon­dazione Terzo Pi­las­tro – In­ter­nazionale - in the field of ed­u­ca­tion with re­gard to post-grad­u­ate high spe­cial­iza­tion train­ing. This has been achieved through the sup­port of spe­cific Post­grad­u­ate Masters which have suc­cess­fully ini­ti­ated at uni­ver­si­ties such as LUISS, LUMSA, IULM, Link Cam­pus Uni­ver­sity, the Academy of Fine Arts in Rome, and the Ru­mundu Academy of Al­ghero. The aim is to have these grad­u­ates lead the for­ma­tion of the fu­ture Mediter­ranean area, with par­tic­u­lar re­gard to the strate­gic sec­tors of the eastern lan­guages, new tech­nolo­gies, and in­ter­na­tional di­plo­macy.

Pro­fes­sore, you’re also re­spon­si­ble for the restora­tion of the two mag­nif­i­cent head­quar­ters Palazzo Scia­rra and Palazzo Cipolla, as well as the ex­pan­sion of the Per­ma­nent Art Col­lec­tion of the Fon­dazione Roma ...

From the be­gin­ning of my ten­ure, one of my ob­jec­tives was to re­cover the his­tor­i­cal real es­tate as­sets of the Cassa di Ris­parmio di Roma and to show a tan­gi­ble and vis­i­ble sym­bol of the con­ti­nu­ity be­tween that and the Fon­dazione Roma. Go­ing back even fur­ther, there was the his­tor­i­cal con­nec­tion be­tween the Monte di Pi­età di Roma, founded in 1539, and the Cassa di Ris­parmio, which ac­quired it in 1937. Af­ter a dif­fi­cult dis­pute with the lessee bank, the pos­ses­sion of Palazzo Scia­rra was won in 2008 thanks to my de­ter­mi­na­tion. The pur­chase of the Palazzo Cipolla from Unicredit was ac­com­plished in the same man­ner in 2010. Once both prop­er­ties were reac­quired, I quickly started their com­plete restora­tion. It was nec­es­sary to bring them up to safety codes, then, the restora­tion of fres­coes and fur­nish­ings fol­lowed. Amongst other things, the re­mains of part of the Aqua Vergine aqueduct are in the foun­da­tions of Palazzo Scia­rra. It’s an im­por­tant struc­ture cre­ated in 19 BC and a wa­ter sup­ply for the Campo Marzio Quar­ter. Along with the restora­tion of the Palaces, I also pro­moted the restora­tion of these ru­ins, to ap­pro­pri­ately en­hance the Ro­man ves­tiges. In this case I also ran into end­less re­stric­tions and bu­reau­cratic ob­sta­cles. At the same time, I be­came a de­ter­mined ad­vo­cate for the ex­pan­sion of the Fon­dazione Roma’s art col­lec­tion. On my sug­ges­tion, in fact, and fol­low­ing my ba­sic guide­lines, the per­ma­nent col­lec­tion is con­stantly added to and is one of the most im­por­tant pri­vate col­lec­tions in the cap­i­tal, with works rang­ing from 1400 up to con­tem­po­rary times. More re­cently, to make greater use of the col­lec­tion, I have had in­stalled a top of the line multimedia sys­tem, which al­lows the vis­i­tor to know from which artist each sin­gle work was cre­ated, when it was cre­ated, and what the artist wanted to com­mu­ni­cate with it, as it has been in­ter­preted by crit­ics over time. In so many words, a mul­ti­dis­ci­plinary in­for­ma­tional se­ries was cre­ated through new dig­i­tal tech­nolo­gies, ac­ces­si­ble through smart­phones or tablets. In con­clu­sion, I truly be­lieve I have been able, through the grace of God, to give back, con­sid­er­ing all that has been granted to me in life, with ef­fec­tive foresight and re­sults that regardless of the deaf­en­ing si­lence of the press, ex­cept for you, for which I sin­cerely thank you - have been achieved bril­liantly.

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