Hormones affect these health issues: • Diabetes Ten percent of the U.S. population has diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can happen when your body doesn’t produce enough of the hormone insulin or can’t use the insulin it does make. Type 1 diabetes means your body produces very little or no insulin. Insulin is needed to regulate our blood sugar when we eat carbohydra­te. • Hypogonadi­sm Forty percent of men 45 years and older have low testostero­ne, which diminishes sexual function and can cause memory problems. • Osteoporos­is More than half of people age 50 and older have osteoporos­is, or low bone mass. It’s more common in women, since the hormone estrogen supports bone-producing cells, and estrogen decreases at menopause. • PCOS Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a leading cause of infertilit­y, and affects between 5 and 10 percent of women 18 to 44 years old. This hormonal imbalance causes irregular periods, abnormal hair growth, acne, and weight gain. It can also lead to diabetes.

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