Your base camp must have food, water, shelter, communications, the ability to cook and boil water, and provisions for proper sanitation. FOOD: Food is any long-term storable product you can get your hands on and that your group will eat. Include a selection of grains, cereal, canned foods (fruit, vegetables, meat and fish), freeze-dried meals (such as those made by Honeyville, Mountain House, The New Primal and Paleo Meals to Go). Be prepared to hunt, fish, grow and forage to supplement your supplies. WATER: You can never have enough water. Conservatively, you’ll need at least 1 gallon of water per person per day—just for consumption. Body size, weather, exertion levels, cooking and cleaning food, hygiene, sanitation and other needs might push that up to 3 or 4 gallons per person per day. Keep an ample supply—perhaps 30 days’ worth—of bottled water on hand at all times. Fill water-safe containers in manageable and large-capacity sizes; rotate their usage to ensure potability. Untreated raw water needs to be filtered, so have high-volume filtration systems on hand. SHELTER: Shelter can be as simple as tarps or as substantial as a military-style canvas tent, a cave or even a building. Whatever it is, it needs to be suitable for keeping your people and supplies out of the elements and safe from theft. COMMUNICATIONS: You must have some form of communication to keep in touch with the members of your party and the outside world. Cell phones are good if the system is working, but you should also consider FRS, GMRS, ham or other types of radios. A variety of lower-tech signal devices, such as whistles, mirrors, flares, flashlights and similar tools, can also be helpful for short-range comms. COOKING: Cooking will need to be done separately from the living area. Portable propane stoves are great—as long as you have stocked up on fuel. Bio-fuel stoves are also good standbys. I keep the Camp Chef Everest gas stove and the Solo Stove bio-fuel stove with my emergency supplies. Both are light and easy to use. You’ll need cookware and utensils. A Lodge cast-iron Dutch oven is the one extra pot I would have with me; it’s versatile and is a way to cook without requiring constant attention. SANITATION: For proper sanitation, you’ll probably need to dig a latrine, so you’ll need a good shovel or two. Just make sure you locate it away from base camp and well away from any water source. MEDICAL: Medical supplies should comprise much more than a simple first aid kit. You should be equipped to handle everything from splinters to gunshot wounds, and at least two people should know how to use each of the components. Make sure you have plenty to accommodate the size of your group, along with any specific concerns for your area, such as snakebite kits. I carry all my extra supplies in a 5.11 ALS backpack, which stays in base camp. You should also have portable kits that can be carried when hunting or otherwise venturing away from camp.