To­day in his­tory

Antelope Valley Press (Sunday) - - News -

To­day is Sun­day, Oct. 20, the 293rd day of 2019. There are 72 days left in the year.

On this date in his­tory

On Oct. 20, 2011, Moam­mar Gad­hafi, 69, Libya’s dic­ta­tor for 42 years, was killed as rev­o­lu­tion­ary fight­ers over­whelmed his home­town of Sirte and cap­tured the last ma­jor bas­tion of re­sis­tance two months af­ter his regime fell.

1803 — The U.S. Se­nate rat­i­fied the Louisiana Pur­chase.

1944 — Dur­ing World War II, Gen. Dou­glas MacArthur stepped ashore at Leyte in the Philip­pines, two-and-a-half years af­ter say­ing, “I shall re­turn.”

1947 — The House Un-Amer­i­can Ac­tiv­i­ties Com­mit­tee opened hear­ings into al­leged Com­mu­nist in­flu­ence and in­fil­tra­tion in the U.S. mo­tion pic­ture in­dus­try.

1967 — A jury in Merid­ian, Mississipp­i, con­victed seven men of vi­o­lat­ing the civil rights of slain civil rights work­ers James Chaney, An­drew Good­man and Michael Sch­w­erner; the seven re­ceived prison terms rang­ing from three to 10 years.

1973 — In the so-called “Satur­day Night Mas­sacre,” spe­cial Water­gate pros­e­cu­tor Archibald Cox was dis­missed and At­tor­ney Gen­eral El­liot L. Richard­son and Deputy At­tor­ney Gen­eral Wil­liam B. Ruck­elshaus re­signed.

1976 — Sev­enty-eight peo­ple were killed when the Nor­we­gian tanker Frosta rammed the com­muter ferry Ge­orge Prince on the Mississipp­i River near New Or­leans.

1977 — Three mem­bers of the rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd, in­clud­ing lead singer Ron­nie Van Zant, were killed along with three oth­ers in the crash of a char­tered plane near McComb, Mississipp­i.

1986 — The gov­ern­ment of Nicaragua for­mally charged cap­tured Amer­i­can mer­ce­nary Eu­gene Hasen­fus with sev­eral crimes, in­clud­ing ter­ror­ism. (Al­though con­victed and sen­tenced to prison, Hasen­fus was par­doned and re­leased by Nicaraguan Pres­i­dent Daniel Ortega.)

1990 — Three mem­bers of the rap group 2 Live Crew were ac­quit­ted by a jury in Fort Laud­erdale, Florida, of vi­o­lat­ing ob­scen­ity laws with an adults-only con­cert in nearby Hol­ly­wood the pre­vi­ous June.

1999 — The gov­ern­ment laid out new rules to pro­tect chil­dren’s pri­vacy on the In­ter­net and to shield them from com­mer­cial e-mail. El­iz­a­beth Dole aban­doned her Repub­li­can bid to be Amer­ica’s first woman pres­i­dent.

2001 — Of­fi­cials an­nounced that an­thrax had been dis­cov­ered in a House postal fa­cil­ity on Capi­tol Hill.

2004 — A U.S. Army staff sergeant, Ivan “Chip” Fred­er­ick, pleaded guilty to abus­ing Iraqi de­tainees at Abu Ghraib prison. (Fred­er­ick was sen­tenced to eight years in prison; he was paroled in 2007.)

Ten years ago — Ig­nor­ing ap­peals by Sec­re­tary of State Hil­lary Rod­ham Clin­ton and even rock star Sting, Iran sen­tenced an Ira­nian-Amer­i­can aca­demic, Kian Ta­jbakhsh, to 12 years in prison for his al­leged role in anti-gov­ern­ment protests. Afghanista­n’s elec­tion com­mis­sion or­dered a runoff in the dis­puted pres­i­den­tial poll. (The runoff was later can­celed, and Pres­i­dent Hamid Karzai pro­claimed the win­ner.)

Five years ago — The White House said for­mer Nazis should not have been col­lect­ing So­cial Se­cu­rity ben­e­fits as they aged over­seas; an As­so­ci­ated Press in­ves­ti­ga­tion had re­vealed that mil­lions of dol­lars had been paid to war-crimes sus­pects and for­mer SS guards who’d been forced out of the United States. New York’s Metropoli­tan Opera opened “The Death of Klinghof­fer” amid protests that the work glo­ri­fied Pales­tinian ter­ror­ists. Fash­ion de­signer Os­car de la Renta, 82, died in Kent, Con­necti­cut.

One year ago — Saudi Ara­bia an­nounced that jour­nal­ist Ja­mal Khashoggi had been killed in Saudi Ara­bia’s con­sulate in Is­tan­bul; there was im­me­di­ate in­ter­na­tional skep­ti­cism over the Saudi ac­count that Khashoggi had died dur­ing a “fist­fight.” Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump said the U.S. would pull out of a land­mark arms con­trol agree­ment with the for­mer Soviet Union; he said Rus­sia was vi­o­lat­ing the pact and that it was keep­ing the U.S. from de­vel­op­ing new weapons. The Los An­ge­les Dodgers beat the Mil­wau­kee Brew­ers 5-1 in Game 7 of the Na­tional League Cham­pi­onship Se­ries to ad­vance to a World Se­ries matchup against the Bos­ton Red Sox.

To­day’s birthdays

Ja­pan’s Em­press Michiko is 85. Rock­a­billy singer Wanda Jack­son is 82. For­mer ac­tress Rev. Mother Dolores Hart is 81. Ac­tor Wil­liam “Rusty” Russ is 69. Ac­tress Me­lanie May­ron is 67. Re­tired MLB All-Star Keith Her­nan­dez is 66. Sen. Shel­don Whitehouse, D-R.I., is 64. Movie di­rec­tor Danny Boyle is 63. For­mer La­bor Sec­re­tary Hilda So­lis is 62. Ac­tor Viggo Mortensen is 61. Rock mu­si­cian Jim Sone­feld (Hootie & The Blow­fish) is 55. Rock mu­si­cian David Ryan is 55. Rock mu­si­cian Doug Eldridge (Ole­an­der) is 52. Jour­nal­ist Sunny Hostin (TV: “The View”) is 51. Po­lit­i­cal com­men­ta­tor and blog­ger Michelle Malkin is 49. Ac­tor Ken­neth Choi is 48. Rap­per Snoop Dogg is 48. Singer Dan­nii Minogue is 48. Singer Jimi West­brook (coun­try group Lit­tle Big Town) is 48. Coun­try mu­si­cian Jeff Loberg is 43. Ac­tor/co­me­dian Dan Fogler is 43. Rock mu­si­cian Jon Natchez (The War on Drugs) is 43. Ac­tor Sam Witwer is 42. Ac­tor John Krasin­ski is 40. Rock mu­si­cian Daniel Tichenor (Cage the Ele­phant) is 40. Ac­tress Katie Feather­ston is 37. Ac­tress Jen­nifer Nicole Free­man is 34.

Thought for to­day “Suc­cess­ful peo­ple keep mov­ing. They make mis­takes, but they don’t quit.” — Con­rad Hil­ton, Amer­i­can hote­lier (18871979).

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