Antelope Valley Press (Sunday)

TODAY IN HISTORY

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Today is Sunday, July 18, the 199th day of 2021. There are 166 days left in the year.

ON THIS DATE IN HISTORY

On July 18, 1918, South African anti-apartheid leader and president Nelson Mandela was born in the village of Mvezo.

1536 — The English Parliament passed an act declaring the authority of the pope void in England.

1863 — During the Civil War, Union troops spearheade­d by the 54th Massachuse­tts Volunteer Infantry, made up of Black soldiers, charged Confederat­e-held Fort Wagner on Morris Island, S.C. The Confederat­es were able to repel the Northerner­s, who suffered heavy losses; the 54th’s commander, Col. Robert Gould Shaw, was among those who were killed.

1872 — Britain enacted voting by secret ballot.

1940 — The Democratic National Convention at Chicago Stadium nominated President Franklin D.

Roosevelt (who was monitoring the proceeding­s at the White House) for an unpreceden­ted third term in office; earlier in the day, Eleanor Roosevelt spoke to the convention, becoming the first presidenti­al spouse to address such a gathering.

1944 — Hideki Tojo was removed as Japanese premier and war minister because of setbacks suffered by his country in World War II. American forces in France captured the Normandy town of St. Lo.

1969 — Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Massachuse­tts, left a party on Chappaquid­dick Island near Martha’s Vineyard with Mary Jo Kopechne, 28; Kennedy’s car later went off a bridge into the water. Kennedy was able to escape, but Kopechne drowned.

1976 — Fourteen-year-old Romanian gymnast Nadia Comaneci, competing at the Montreal Olympics, received the first-ever perfect score of 10 with her routine on uneven parallel bars. (Comaneci would go on to receive six more 10s in Montreal.)

1984 — Gunman James Huberty opened fire at a McDonald’s in San Ysidro, killing 21 people before being shot dead by police. Walter F. Mondale won the Democratic presidenti­al nomination in San Francisco.

2005 — An unrepentan­t Eric Rudolph was sentenced in Birmingham, Alabama, to life in prison for an abortion clinic bombing that killed an off-duty police officer and maimed a nurse.

2013 — Detroit, which was once the very symbol of American industrial might, became the biggest US city to file for bankruptcy, its finances ravaged and its neighborho­ods hollowed out by a long, slow decline in population and auto manufactur­ing.

Ten years ago — Gen. David Petraeus handed over command of American and coalition forces in Afghanista­n to Gen. John Allen as he left to take over the Central Intelligen­ce Agency.

One year ago — The World Health Organizati­on reported a single-day record of new Coronaviru­s infections – more than 259,000 worldwide – for a second day in a row. South Africa became one of the five worst-hit countries in the pandemic. Florida reported more than 10,200 new cases and 90 additional deaths.

TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS

Skating champion and commentato­r Dick Button is 92. Olympic gold medal figure skater Tenley Albright is 86. Movie director Paul Verhoeven is 83. Musician Brian Auger is 82. Singer Dion DiMucci is 82. Actor James Brolin is 81. Baseball Hall of Famer Joe Torre is 81. Singer Martha Reeves is 80. Pop-rock musician Wally Bryson (The Raspberrie­s) is 72. Country-rock singer Craig Fuller (Pure Prairie League) is 72. Business mogul Richard Branson is 71. Actor Margo Martindale is 70. Singer Ricky Skaggs is 67. Actor Audrey Landers is 65. World Golf Hall of Famer Nick Faldo is 64. Rock musician Nigel Twist (The Alarm) is 64. Actor Anne-Marie Johnson is 61. Actor Elizabeth McGovern is 60. Rock musician John Hermann (Widespread Panic) is 59. Rock musician Jack Irons is 59. Talk show host-actor Wendy Williams is 57. Actor Vin Diesel is 54. Actor Grant Bowler is 53. Retired NBA All-Star Penny Hardaway is 50. Bluegrass musician Jesse Brock (The Gibson Brothers) is 49. Alt-country singer Elizabeth Cook is 49. Actor Eddie Matos is 49. Dance music singer-songwriter M.I.A. is 46. Rock musician Daron Malakian (System of a Down; Scars on Broadway) is 46. Actor Elsa Pataky (“The Fast and the Furious” films) is 45. Rock musician Tony Fagenson (formerly with Eve 6) is 43. Movie director Jared Hess is 42. Actor Jason Weaver is 42. Actor Kristen Bell is 41. Actor Michiel Huisman is 40. Rock singer Ryan Cabrera is 39. Actor Priyanka Chopra is 39. Christian-rock musician Aaron Gillespie (Underoath) is 38. Actor Chace Crawford is 36. Actor James Norton is 36. Musician Paul Kowert (Punch Brothers) is 35. Actor Travis Milne is 35.

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