TODAY IN HIS­TORY

Antelope Valley Press - - NEWS -

Today is Fri­day, Jan. 31, the 31st day of 2020. There are 335 days left in the year.

ON THIS DATE IN HIS­TORY

On Jan. 31, 1958, the United States en­tered the Space Age with its first suc­cess­ful launch of a satel­lite, Ex­plorer 1, from Cape Canaveral.

1863 — Dur­ing the Civil War, the First South Carolina Vol­un­teers, an all-black Union reg­i­ment com­posed of many es­caped slaves, was mus­tered into fed­eral ser­vice at Beau­fort, South Carolina.

1865 — The U.S. House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives joined the Senate in pass­ing the 13th Amend­ment to the United States Con­sti­tu­tion abol­ish­ing slav­ery, send­ing it to states for rat­i­fi­ca­tion. (The amend­ment was adopted in De­cem­ber 1865.) Gen. Robert E. Lee was named gen­eral-in-chief of the Con­fed­er­ate States Army by Pres­i­dent Jef­fer­son Davis.

1917 — Dur­ing World War I, Ger­many served no­tice that it was be­gin­ning a pol­icy of un­re­stricted sub­ma­rine war­fare.

1919 — Base­ball Hall-of-Famer Jackie Robin­son was born in Cairo, Ge­or­gia.

1929 — Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Leon Trot­sky and his fam­ily were ex­pelled from the Soviet Union.

1945 — Pvt. Ed­die Slovik, 24, be­came the first U.S. sol­dier since the Civil War to be ex­e­cuted for de­ser­tion as he was shot by an Amer­i­can fir­ing squad in France.

1950 — Pres­i­dent Harry S. Tru­man an­nounced he had or­dered de­vel­op­ment of the hy­dro­gen bomb.

1971 — Astro­nauts Alan Shep­ard, Edgar Mitchell and Stu­art Roosa blasted off aboard Apollo 14 on a mis­sion to the moon.

1990 — McDon­ald’s Corp. opened its first fast-food res­tau­rant in Moscow.

2000 — An Alaska Air­lines MD-83 jet crashed into the Pa­cific Ocean off Port Huen­eme, killing all 88 peo­ple aboard.

2001 — A Scot­tish court sit­ting in the Nether­lands con­victed one Libyan, ac­quit­ted a sec­ond, in the 1988 bomb­ing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Locker­bie, Scot­land. (Ab­del Bas­set Ali al-Me­grahi was given a life sen­tence, but was re­leased af­ter eight years on com­pas­sion­ate grounds by Scot­land’s gov­ern­ment. He died in 2012.)

2007 — Some three dozen blink­ing elec­tronic de­vices planted around Bos­ton threw a scare into the city in what turned out to be a mar­ket­ing cam­paign for the Cartoon Network TV show “Aqua Teen Hunger Force.”

Ten years ago — The an­nual World Eco­nomic Fo­rum con­cluded a five-day meet­ing in Davos, Switzer­land, with wide­spread agree­ment that a frag­ile re­cov­ery was un­der way but no con­sen­sus on what was go­ing to spur job growth.

Five years ago — Bobbi Kristina Brown, the daugh­ter of the late singer Whitney Hous­ton, was found un­re­spon­sive in a bath­tub at her Ge­or­gia town­home and was taken to an At­lanta-area hos­pi­tal. She died six months later.

One year ago — A day af­ter he lashed out at U.S. in­tel­li­gence agency chiefs over their as­sess­ments of global threats, Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump re­versed course and said that he and the in­tel­li­gence com­mu­nity were “all on the same page.” He said they told him that their tes­ti­mony at a Senate hear­ing had been “mis­char­ac­ter­ized” by the news me­dia.

TODAY’S BIRTH­DAYS

Com­poser Philip Glass is

83. For­mer In­te­rior Sec­re­tary James Watt is 82. Princess Beatrix of the Nether­lands, the for­mer queen re­gent, is 82. Ac­tor Stu­art Mar­golin is 80. Ac­tress Jes­sica Wal­ter is 79. For­mer U.S. Rep. Dick Gephardt, D-Mis­souri, is 79. Blues singer-musician Char­lie Mus­sel­white is 76. Ac­tor Glynn Tur­man is 73. Base­ball Hall of Famer Nolan Ryan is 73. Ac­tor Jonathan Banks is 73. Singer-musician Harry Wayne Casey (KC and the Sun­shine Band) is 69. Rock singer Johnny Rot­ten is 64. Ac­tress Kelly Lynch is 61. Ac­tor An­thony LaPaglia is 61. Singer-musician Lloyd Cole is 59. Ac­tress Paulette Brax­ton is 55. Rock musician Al Ja­worski (Jesus Jones) is 54. Ac­tress Min­nie Driver is 50. Ac­tress Por­tia de Rossi is 47. Ac­tor-co­me­dian Bobby Moyni­han is 43. Ac­tress Kerry Washington is 43. Blue­grass singer-musician Becky Buller is 41. Singer Justin Tim­ber­lake is

39. Ac­tor Tyler Rit­ter is 35. Coun­try singer Tyler Hub­bard (Florida Ge­or­gia Line) is 33. Folk-rock singer-musician Mar­cus Mum­ford (Mum­ford and Sons) is 33. Ac­tor Joel Court­ney is 24.

THOUGHT FOR TODAY

“Hap­pi­ness is not hav­ing what you want, but want­ing what you have.” — Rabbi Hy­man Ju­dah Schachtel, Amer­i­can the­olo­gian, au­thor and ed­u­ca­tor (1907-1990).

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