Baltimore Sun

Heard of ‘Bluetooth’? Here’s the story behind tech name

- By Monika Scislowska

WIEJKOWO, Poland — More than 1,000 years after his death in what is now Poland, a European king whose nickname lives on through wireless technology is at the center of an archaeolog­ical dispute.

Chronicles from the Middle Ages say King Harald “Bluetooth” Gormsson of Denmark acquired his nickname courtesy of a tooth, probably dead, that looked bluish.

One chronicle from the time also says the Viking king was buried in Roskilde, in Denmark, in the late 10th century.

But a Swedish archaeolog­ist and a Polish researcher recently claimed in separate publicatio­ns that they have pinpointed his most probable burial site in the village of Wiejkowo, in an area of northweste­rn Poland that had ties to the Vikings.

Marek Kryda, author of the book “Viking Poland,” said that a “pagan mound” that he claims he has located beneath Wiejkowo’s 19th-century Roman Catholic church probably holds the king’s remains. Kryda said geological satellite images available on a Polish government portal revealed a rotund shape that looked like a Viking burial mound.

But Swedish archaeolog­ist Sven Rosborn, says Kryda is wrong because Harald, who converted from paganism to Christiani­ty and founded churches in the area, must have received an appropriat­e grave somewhere in the churchyard.

Wiejkowo’s Church of The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary stands atop a small round knoll. Historians at the Danish National Museum say they are familiar with the “suggestion” that Wiejkowo is Harald’s burial place.

Rosborn detailed his research in the 2021 book “The Viking King’s Golden Treasure,” and Kryda challenged some of the Swede’s findings in his own book published this year.

Harald, who died in 985, probably in Jomsborg — believed to be the Polish town of Wolin now — was one of the last Viking kings to rule over what is now Denmark, northern Germany, and parts of Sweden and Norway. He spread Christiani­ty.

Swedish telecommun­ications company Ericsson named its Bluetooth wireless link technology after the king, reflecting how he united much of Scandinavi­a during his lifetime.

Rosborn, the former director of Sweden’s Malmo City Museum, was spurred on his quest in 2014 when an 11-year-old girl sought his opinion about a small, soiled coin-like object with old-looking text that had been in her family’s possession for decades.

Experts have determined that the cast gold disc that sparked Maja Sielski’s curiosity dated from the 10th century. The Latin inscriptio­n on what is now known as the “Curmsun disc” says: “Harald Gormsson (Curmsun in Latin) king of Danes, Scania, Jomsborg, town Aldinburg.”

Sielski’s family said the disc came from a trove found in 1841 in a tomb under the Wiejkowo church, which replaced a medieval chapel.

Kryda says the Curmsun disc is “phenomenal” with its meaningful inscriptio­n and insists that it would be worth it to examine Wiejkowo as Harald’s burial place, but there are no current plans for any excavation­s.

 ?? MONIKA SCISLOWSKA /AP ?? A view of a 2014 stone with runic inscriptio­n in memory of Danish 10th-century King Harald “Bluetooth” Gormsson last week in Wolin, Poland.
MONIKA SCISLOWSKA /AP A view of a 2014 stone with runic inscriptio­n in memory of Danish 10th-century King Harald “Bluetooth” Gormsson last week in Wolin, Poland.

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