Trump boxed in by bor­der wall is­sue

Belleville News-Democrat (Sunday) - - Front Page - BY JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS AND PETER BAKER

WASHINGTON

Be­fore it be­came the chief stick­ing point in a gov­ern­ment shut­down drama that threat­ens to con­sume his pres­i­dency at a crit­i­cal mo­ment, Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump’s promise to build a wall on the South­west­ern bor­der was a mem­ory trick for an undis­ci­plined can­di­date.

As Trump be­gan ex­plor­ing a pres­i­den­tial run in 2014, his po­lit­i­cal ad­vis­ers landed on the idea of a bor­der wall as a mnemonic de­vice of sorts, a way to make sure their can­di­date – who hated read­ing from a script but loved boast­ing about him­self and his tal­ents as a builder – would re­mem­ber to talk about get­ting tough on im­mi­gra­tion, which was to be a sig­na­ture is­sue in his nascent cam­paign.

“How do we get him to con­tinue to talk about im­mi­gra­tion?” Sam Nun­berg, one of Trump’s early po­lit­i­cal ad­vis­ers, re­called telling Roger J. Stone Jr., an­other ad­viser. “We’re go­ing to get him to talk about he’s go­ing to build a wall.”

Talk Trump did, and the line drew rap­tur­ous cheers from con­ser­va­tive au­di­ences, thrilling the can­di­date and soon be­com­ing a sta­ple of cam­paign speeches. Chants of

“Build the wall!” echoed through are­nas through­out the coun­try.

Now, Trump’s fix­a­tion with a bor­der wall – the ma­te­rial em­bod­i­ment of his keep-them-out im­mi­gra­tion agenda – has run head­long into the new re­al­i­ties of di­vided gov­ern­ment, pit­ting him against Democrats who re­ject the idea out of hand. The im­passe is par­tic­u­larly re­mark­able given that even some im­mi­gra­tion hard-lin­ers do not re­gard the wall as their high­est pri­or­ity and fear that Trump’s pre­oc­cu­pa­tion with it will prompt him to cut a deal that trades a rel­a­tively in­ef­fec­tual mea­sure for ma­jor con­ces­sions on im­mi­gra­tion.

“I’ve al­ways thought it cre­ated a dan­ger that he would trade al­most any- that it would be a mis­take.

To many con­ser­va­tive ac­tivists who have pressed for decades for sharp re­duc­tions in both il­le­gal and le­gal im­mi­gra­tion – and some of the Repub­li­can law­mak­ers who are al­lied with them – a phys­i­cal bar­rier on the bor­der with Mex­ico is barely rel­e­vant, lit­tle more than a foot­note to a long list of pol­icy changes they be­lieve are needed to fix a bro­ken sys­tem.

The dis­con­nect is at the heart of the dilemma fac­ing Trump as he labors to find a way out of an im­passe that has shut­tered large parts of the gov­ern­ment and cost 800,000 fed­eral em­ploy­ees their pay. Hav­ing spent more than four years – first as a can­di­date and then as pres­i­dent – whip­ping his core sup­port­ers into a frenzy over the idea of build­ing a bor­der wall, Trump finds him­self in a thing in or­der to get the wall – I think that’s still a po­ten­tial dan­ger,” said Mark Kriko­rian, the ex­ec­u­tive di­rec­tor of the Cen­ter for Im­mi­gra­tion Stud­ies, a group that ar­gues for less im­mi­gra­tion. “I’m still wor­ried about that now.”

That fear has been re­al­ized at times when Trump has ex­plored a deal with Democrats on grant­ing per­ma­nent le­gal sta­tus for im­mi­grants brought to the United States il­le­gally as chil­dren, known as “Dream­ers.” The pres­i­dent has al­ways walked away at the last mo­ment from com­mit­ting to pre­serv­ing the De­ferred Ac­tion for Child­hood Ar­rivals pro­gram, known as DACA, but on Fri­day, FAIR, an anti-im­mi­gra­tion group, warned him again

OUT­SIZE SYM­BOL

“A wall is an im­moral­ity – it’s not who we are as a na­tion,” Speaker Nancy Pelosi said Thurs­day. “This is not a wall be­tween Mex­ico and the United States that the pres­i­dent is cre­at­ing here; it’s a wall be­tween re­al­ity and his con­stituents, his sup­port­ers.”

Last month, in pri­vate com­ments to Demo­cratic law­mak­ers af­ter an Oval Of­fice con­fronta­tion with Trump, Pelosi said the wall was “like a man­hood thing for him.”

Yet it has also be­come an out­size sym­bol in the other di­rec­tion for Democrats, many of whom sup­ported at least some sort of bar­rier along the bor­der in the past but now cast Trump’s wall as a trav­esty. Sixty-four Democrats in the House and 26 in the Se­nate voted in 2006 for the Se­cure Fence Act,

CHAINED TO A WALL

Yet Trump has teth­ered him­self to the wall and shows no sign of let­ting go.

Ad­vis­ers said the pres­i­dent be­came ab­sorbed by the idea of a wall be­cause it was the most mem­o­rable and tan­gi­ble promise he made while stump­ing for the White House in 2016.

“He wants to call it a wall be­cause that’s what he cam­paigned on,” said Christopher Ruddy, the chief ex­ec­u­tive of News­max and a friend of Trump’s. “He’s very ob­sessed about car­ry­ing out his cam­paign prom­ises – I think to a de­gree that’s un­healthy – but that’s im­por­tant to him, and that’s not a bad thing.” po­lit­i­cal box of his own mak­ing.

In trans­form­ing the wall into a pow­er­ful em­blem of his anti-im­mi­gra­tion mes­sage, Trump has made the pro­posal po­lit­i­cally un­touch­able for Democrats, who have stead­fastly re­fused to fund it, com­pli­cat­ing the chances of any com­pro­mise.

“As a mes­sag­ing strat­egy, it was pretty suc­cess­ful,” Kriko­rian said. “The prob­lem is, you got elected; now what do you do? Hav­ing made it his sig­na­ture is­sue, Trump handed the Democrats a weapon against him.”

The dy­namic has been on vivid dis­play this past week as Trump has ar­gued that there can be no deal to re­open the gov­ern­ment un­less his wall is paid for, while Democrats, now in con­trol of the House, have re­fused in ever sharper terms. which pro­vided for hun­dreds of miles of fenc­ing along the bor­der. Among them were Sens. Barack Obama, Hil­lary Clin­ton, Joe Bi­den and Chuck Schumer.

“The only things that have changed is the sit­u­a­tion at the bor­der is worse and Don­ald Trump got elected,” said Kellyanne Con­way, the pres­i­dent’s coun­selor.

Be­yond the sym­bol­ism, Democrats now ar­gue that a wall is an ex­pen­sive and in­ef­fec­tive means of curb­ing il­le­gal im­mi­gra­tion. The ma­jor­ity of un­doc­u­mented im­mi­grants are peo­ple who over­stay visas, not peo­ple who sneak across the bor­der. A re­port re­leased in March by Democrats on the Se­nate Home­land Se­cu­rity Com­mit­tee found that Bor­der Pa­trol agents on the front lines said they needed more tech­nol­ogy and ad­di­tional per­son­nel to curb il­le­gal im­mi­gra­tion and drug traf­fic, with less than one-half of 1 per­cent men­tion­ing a wall.

Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump ar­rives to view bor­der wall pro­to­types in San Diego on March 13, 2018. The wall has be­come the cen­tral pri­or­ity of the Trump pres­i­dency, even as some im­mi­gra­tion hard-lin­ers have backed away from say­ing it’s a top goal.DOUG MILLS NYT

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