This Date In His­tory

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To­day in His­tory

To­day is Wed­nes­day, June 19, the 170th day of 2019. There are 195 days left in the year. To­day’s High­light in His­tory: On June 19, 1865, Union troops ar­rived in Galve­ston, Texas, with news that the Civil War was over, and that all re­main­ing slaves in Texas were free — an event cel­e­brated to this day as “June­teenth.” On this date:

In 1775, Ge­orge Wash­ing­ton was com­mis­sioned by the Con­ti­nen­tal Congress as com­man­der in chief of the Con­ti­nen­tal Army.

In 1868, “Tales from the Vi­enna Woods,” a waltz by Jo­hann Strauss “the Younger,” was first pub­licly per­formed by Strauss’ orches­tra.

In 1917, dur­ing World War I, King Ge­orge V or­dered the Bri­tish royal family to dis­pense with Ger­man ti­tles and sur­names; the family took the name “Wind­sor.”

In 1934, the Fed­eral Com­mu­ni­ca­tions Com­mis­sion was cre­ated; it re­placed the Fed­eral Radio Com­mis­sion.

In 1938, four dozen peo­ple were killed when a rail­road bridge in Mon­tana col­lapsed, send­ing a train known as the Olympian hurtling into Custer Creek.

In 1944, dur­ing World War II, the two-day Bat­tle of the Philip­pine Sea be­gan, re­sult­ing in a de­ci­sive vic­tory for the Amer­i­cans over the Japanese. In 1952, the U.S. Army Spe­cial Forces, the elite unit of fight­ers known as the Green Berets, was es­tab­lished at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. The celebrity-panel game show “I’ve Got A Se­cret” de­buted on CBS-TV. In 1953, Julius Rosenberg, 35, and his wife, Ethel, 37, con­victed of con­spir­ing to pass U.S. atomic se­crets to the Soviet Union, were ex­e­cuted at Sing Sing Prison in Ossin­ing, New York.

In 1964, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was ap­proved by the U.S. Se­nate, 73-27, af­ter sur­viv­ing a lengthy fil­i­buster.

In 1987, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a Louisiana law re­quir­ing any pub­lic school teach­ing the the­ory of evo­lu­tion to teach cre­ation science as well.

In 2006, Sec­re­tary of State Con­doleezza Rice warned North Ko­rea it would face con­se­quences if it test-fired a mis­sile thought to be pow­er­ful enough to reach the West Coast of the United States. In 2017, Otto Warm­bier a 22-year-old American col­lege stu­dent died in a Cincinnati hos­pi­tal fol­low­ing his re­lease by North Ko­rea in a coma af­ter more than a year in cap­tiv­ity. Ten years ago: New York Times re­porter David S. Ro­hde and Afghan re­porter Tahir Ludin es­caped from mil­i­tant cap­tors af­ter more than seven months in cap­tiv­ity in Afghanista­n and Pak­istan. Texas bil­lion­aire R. Allen Stan­ford was in­dicted and jailed on charges his in­ter­na­tional bank­ing em­pire was re­ally just a Ponzi scheme built on lies, blus­ter and bribery. (Stan­ford was sen­tenced to 110 years in prison af­ter be­ing con­victed of bilk­ing in­vestors in a $7.2 bil­lion scheme that in­volved the sale of fraud­u­lent cer­tifi­cates of de­posits.) Five years ago: Pres­i­dent Barack Obama an­nounced he was dis­patch­ing 300 U.S. mil­i­tary ad­vis­ers to Iraq to help quell a ris­ing in­sur­gency. Rep. Kevin McCarthy of Cal­i­for­nia won elec­tion as House ma­jor­ity leader as Repub­li­cans shuf­fled their lead­er­ship in the wake of Rep. Eric Can­tor’s pri­mary de­feat in Vir­ginia. Gerry Gof­fin, 75, a pro­lific and mul­ti­di­men­sional lyri­cist who with his then-wife and song­writer part­ner Ca­role King wrote such hits as “Will You Love Me To­mor­row,” ‘’(You Make Me Feel Like) a Nat­u­ral Woman,” ‘’Up On The Roof,” and “The Loco-Mo­tion,” died in Los An­ge­les.

One year ago: The United States said it was pulling out of the United Na­tions’ Hu­man Rights Coun­cil, a day af­ter the U.N. hu­man rights chief de­nounced the Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion for sep­a­rat­ing mi­grant chil­dren from their par­ents; U.N. Am­bas­sador Nikki Ha­ley cited long­stand­ing U.S. com­plaints that the coun­cil was bi­ased against Is­rael. Koko, a western low­land go­rilla who was taught sign lan­guage at an early age as a sci­en­tific test sub­ject and even­tu­ally learned more than 1,000 words, died at the Go­rilla Foun­da­tion’s pre­serve in Cal­i­for­nia’s Santa Cruz moun­tains at the age of 46. New York mayor Bill de Bla­sio said as of Sept. 1, police would start is­su­ing sum­monses to peo­ple caught smok­ing mar­i­juana in pub­lic rather than ar­rest­ing them. To­day’s Birth­days: Pop singer Tommy DeVito (The Four Sea­sons) is 91. Ac­tress Gena Row­lands is 89. Hall of Fame race car driver Shirley Mul­downey is 79. Singer Elaine “Spanky” McFar­lane (Spanky and Our Gang) is 77. No­bel peace lau­re­ate Aung San Suu Kyi is 74. Au­thor Sir Sal­man Rushdie is 72. Ac­tress Phyli­cia Rashad is 71. Rock singer Ann Wil­son (Heart) is 69. Mu­si­cian Larry Dunn is 66. Ac­tress Kath­leen Turner is 65. Coun­try singer Doug Stone is 63. Singer Mark DeBarge is 60. Singer-dancer-chore­og­ra­pher Paula Ab­dul is 57. Ac­tor Andy Lauer is 56. Rock singer-mu­si­cian Brian Van­der Ark (Verve Pipe) is 55. Ac­tor Sa­muel West is 53. Ac­tress Mia Sara is 52. TV personalit­y Lara Spencer is 50. Rock mu­si­cian Brian “Head” Welch is 49. Ac­tor Jean Du­jardin is 47. Ac­tress Robin Tun­ney is 47. Ac­tor Bumper Robin­son is 45. Ac­tress Poppy Mont­gomery is 44. Alt­coun­try singer-mu­si­cian Scott Avett (The Avett Broth­ers) is

43. Ac­tor Ryan Hurst is 43. Ac­tress Zoe Sal­dana is 41. Former NBA star Dirk Now­itzki is 41. Ac­tor Neil Brown Jr. is

39. Ac­tress Lau­ren Lee Smith is 39. Rap­per Mack­le­more (Mack­le­more and Ryan Lewis) is 37. Ac­tor Paul Dano is 35. New York Mets pitcher Ja­cob DeGrom is 31. Ac­tor Gi­a­como Gian­niotti is 30. Ac­tor Chuku Modu (TV: “The Good Doc­tor”) is 29. Ac­tor At­ti­cus Shaffer is 21.

Thought for To­day: “Ex­u­ber­ance is bet­ter than taste.” — Gus­tave Flaubert, French au­thor (1821-1880).

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