This Date In His­tory

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To­day in His­tory

To­day is Tues­day, Sept. 29, the 273rd day of 2020. There are 93 days left in the year. To­day’s High­light in His­tory: On Sept. 29, 2005, John G. Roberts Jr. was sworn in as the na­tion’s 17th chief jus­tice af­ter win­ning Se­nate con­fir­ma­tion.

On this date:

In 1789, the U.S. War Depart­ment es­tab­lished a reg­u­lar army with a strength of sev­eral hun­dred men. In 1910, the Na­tional Ur­ban League had its be­gin­nings in New York as The Com­mit­tee on Ur­ban Con­di­tions Among Ne­groes.

In 1918, Al­lied forces be­gan their de­ci­sive break­through of the Hin­den­burg Line dur­ing World War I.

In 1938, British, French, Ger­man and Ital­ian lead­ers con­cluded the Mu­nich Agree­ment, which was aimed at ap­peas­ing Adolf Hitler by al­low­ing Nazi an­nex­a­tion of Cze­choslo­vakia’s Sude­ten­land.

In 1943, Gen­eral Dwight D. Eisen­hower and Ital­ian Mar­shal Pi­etro Badoglio signed an armistice aboard the British ship HMS Nel­son off Malta.

In 1962, Canada joined the space age as it launched the Alou­ette 1 satel­lite from Van­den­berg Air Force Base in Cal­i­for­nia. The mu­si­cal “My Fair Lady” closed on Broad­way af­ter 2,717 per­for­mances.

In 1975, base­ball man­ager Casey Sten­gel died in Glendale, Cal­i­for­nia, at age 85. In 1978, Pope John Paul I was found dead in his Vat­i­can apart­ment just over a month af­ter be­com­ing head of the Ro­man Catholic Church. In 1982, Ex­tra-Strength Tylenol cap­sules laced with deadly cyanide claimed the first of seven vic­tims in the Chicago area. (To date, the case re­mains un­solved.) In 1999, The As­so­ci­ated Press re­ported on the killing of hun­dreds of South Korean refugees by U.S. sol­diers in the early days of the Korean War, be­neath a bridge at a ham­let called No Gun Ri. (In 2001, af­ter its own in­ves­ti­ga­tion, the U.S. Army af­firmed that killings had oc­curred, but said they were not de­lib­er­ate.)

In 2000, Is­raeli riot po­lice stormed a ma­jor Jerusalem shrine and opened fire on stone-throw­ing Mus­lim wor­ship­pers, killing four Pales­tini­ans and wound­ing 175. In 2001, Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush con­demned Afghanista­n’s Tal­iban rulers for har­bor­ing Osama bin Laden and his fol­low­ers as the United States pressed its mil­i­tary and di­plo­matic cam­paign against ter­ror.

Ten years ago: Anti-aus­ter­ity protests erupted across Europe; Greek doc­tors and rail­way em­ploy­ees walked off the job, Span­ish work­ers shut down trains and buses, and one man rammed a ce­ment truck into the Ir­ish par­lia­ment to protest the coun­try’s enor­mous bank bailouts. Ac­tor Tony Cur­tis, 85, died in Hen­der­son, Ne­vada.

Five years ago: Pres­i­dent Barack Obama, host­ing a U.N. gath­er­ing of world lead­ers, pledged all pos­si­ble tools — mil­i­tary, in­tel­li­gence and eco­nomic — to de­feat the Is­lamic State group, but ac­knowl­edged the ex­trem­ist group had taken root in Syria and Iraq, was re­silient and was con­tin­u­ing to ex­pand. NCAA banned the SMU men’s basketball team from the post­sea­son and sus­pended coach Larry Brown for nine games, say­ing he had lied to in­ves­ti­ga­tors and ig­nored a case of academic fraud by a player.

One year ago: In an in­ter­view that aired on CBS’ “60 Min­utes,” Saudi Crown Prince Mo­hammed bin Sal­man said he took “full re­spon­si­bil­ity” for the grisly killing of jour­nal­ist Ja­mal Khashoggi, but he de­nied al­le­ga­tions that he had or­dered it. Low-price fash­ion chain For­ever 21, once a hot des­ti­na­tion for teen shop­pers, an­nounced that it had filed for bank­ruptcy pro­tec­tion and said it would close as many as 178 stores.

To­day’s Birthdays: Con­duc­tor Richard Bonynge is 90. Writer-di­rec­tor Robert Ben­ton is 88. Singer Jerry Lee Lewis is 85. Soul-blues-gospel singer Sher­man Holmes is 81. For­mer Sen. Bill Nel­son, D-Fla., is 78. Ac­tor Ian Mc­Shane is 78. Jazz mu­si­cian Jean-Luc Ponty is 78. No­bel Peace lau­re­ate Lech Walesa (lehk vah-WEN’-sah) is 77. Tele­vi­sion-film com­poser Mike Post is 76. Ac­tor Pa­tri­cia Hodge is 74. TV per­son­al­ity Bryant Gum­bel is 72. Rock singer-mu­si­cian Mark Farner is 72. Rock singer­mu­si­cian Mike Pin­era is 72. Coun­try singer Alvin Crow is 70. Ac­tor Drake Ho­gestyn is 67. Olympic gold medal run­ner Se­bas­tian Coe is 64.

Singer Suzzy Roche (The Roches) is 64. Co­me­di­an­ac­tor Andrew “Dice” Clay is 63. Rock singer John Payne (Asia) is 62. Ac­tor Roger Bart is 58. Singer-mu­si­cian Les Clay­pool is 57. Ac­tor Jill Whe­lan is 54. Ac­tor Ben Miles is 54. Ac­tor Luke Goss is 52. Rock mu­si­cian Brad Smith (Blind Melon) is 52. Ac­tor Erika Ele­niak is 51.

Rhythm-and-blues singer De­vante Swing (Jodeci) is

51. Coun­try singer Brad Cot­ter (TV: “Nashville Star”) is 50. Ac­tor Emily Lloyd is

50. Ac­tor Natasha Greg­son Wag­ner is 50. Ac­tor Rachel Cronin is 49. Coun­try mu­si­cian Dan­ick Du­pelle (Emer­son Drive) is 47. Ac­tor Alexis Cruz is 46. Ac­tor Zachary Levi is 40. Ac­tor Chrissy

Metz (TV: “This Is Us”) is

40. Ac­tor Kelly McCreary (TV: “Grey’s Anatomy”) is

39. Coun­try singer Katie Mc­Neill (3 of Hearts) is 38. Rock mu­si­cian Josh Farro is 33. NBA All-Star Kevin Du­rant is 32. Ac­tor Doug Brochu is

30. Singer Phillip Phillips is

30. Pop singer Halsey is 26. Ac­tor Clara Mamet is 26.

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