This Date In His­tory

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To­day in His­tory

To­day is Wed­nes­day, Oct. 14, the 288th day of 2020. There are 78 days left in the year. To­day’s High­light in His­tory: On Oct. 14, 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named win­ner of the No­bel Peace Prize.

On this date:

In 1890, Dwight D. Eisen­hower, 34th pres­i­dent of the United States, was born in Deni­son, Texas.

In 1933, Nazi Ger­many an­nounced it was with­draw­ing from the League of Na­tions. In 1939, a Ger­man U-boat tor­pe­doed and sank the HMS Royal Oak, a Bri­tish bat­tle­ship an­chored at Scapa Flow in Scot­land’s Orkney Is­lands; 833 of the more than 1,200 men aboard were killed. In 1944, Ger­man Field Mar­shal Er­win Rom­mel took his own life rather than face trial and cer­tain ex­e­cu­tion for al­legedly con­spir­ing against Adolf Hitler.

In 1947, U.S. Air Force Capt. Charles E. (“Chuck”) Yea­ger (YAY’-gur) be­came the first test pi­lot to break the sound bar­rier as he flew the ex­per­i­men­tal Bell XS-1 (later X-1) rocket plane over Muroc Dry Lake in Cal­i­for­nia.

In 1960, the idea of a Peace Corps was sug­gested by Demo­cratic pres­i­den­tial can­di­date John F. Kennedy to an au­di­ence of stu­dents at the Univer­sity of Michi­gan in Ann Ar­bor.

In 1964, Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev was top­pled from power; he was suc­ceeded by Leonid Brezh­nev as First Sec­re­tary and by Alexei Kosy­gin as Premier.

In 1968, the first suc­cess­ful live tele­cast from a manned U.S. space­craft was trans­mit­ted from Apollo 7.

In 1981, the new pres­i­dent of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak (HOHS’-nee moo-BAH’rahk), was sworn in to suc­ceed the as­sas­si­nated An­war Sa­dat. Mubarak pledged loy­alty to Sa­dat’s poli­cies.

In 2001, as U.S. jets opened a sec­ond week of raids in Afghanista­n, Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush sternly re­jected a Tal­iban of­fer to dis­cuss hand­ing over Osama bin Laden to a third coun­try.

In 2014, a sec­ond nurse at Texas Health Presbyteri­an Hos­pi­tal Dal­las came down with Ebola af­ter con­tract­ing it from a dy­ing pa­tient. (The nurse, Am­ber Joy Vin­son, was later de­clared free of the dis­ease.)

In 2017, a truck bomb­ing in So­ma­lia’s cap­i­tal killed more than 500 peo­ple in one of the world’s dead­li­est at­tacks in years; of­fi­cials blamed the at­tack on the ex­trem­ist group alShabab and said it was meant to tar­get Mo­gadishu’s in­ter­na­tional air­port, but the bomb det­o­nated in a crowded street af­ter soldiers opened fire. The board of the Academy of Mo­tion Pic­ture Arts and Sci­ences re­voked the mem­ber­ship of movie mogul Har­vey We­in­stein, af­ter pub­lished re­ports about al­le­ga­tions of sex­ual ha­rass­ment and rape against We­in­stein.

Ten years ago: Chile’s 33 res­cued min­ers posed with Pres­i­dent Sebastian Pin­era and were ex­am­ined by doc­tors a day af­ter they were freed from their un­der­ground prison. Ira­nian Pres­i­dent Mah­moud Ah­madine­jad (ah-muhDEE’-neh-zhahd) taunted arch-en­emy Is­rael from just across the tense bor­der in Le­banon, ral­ly­ing tens of thou­sands of Hezbol­lah sup­port­ers.

Five years ago: Hun­dreds of soldiers fanned out in cities across Is­rael and au­thor­i­ties erected con­crete bar­ri­ers out­side some Arab neigh­bor­hoods of east Jerusalem in a stepped-up ef­fort to counter a month­long wave of Pales­tinian vi­o­lence. The state of Texas ex­e­cuted Li­cho Es­camilla (LEE’-cho es-kuh-MEE’-uh) for the fa­tal 2001 shoot­ing of Christo­pher Kevin James, a Dal­las po­lice of­fi­cer who was try­ing to break up a brawl in­volv­ing Es­camilla.

One year ago: Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump an­nounced sanc­tions tar­get­ing Turkey’s econ­omy in re­sponse to Turkey’s as­sault against Kur­dish fighters and civil­ians in Syria; the as­sault had be­gun af­ter Trump an­nounced that he was mov­ing U.S. troops out of the way. Two re­searchers from MIT and one from Har­vard won the No­bel Prize in eco­nom­ics for re­search into what works and what doesn’t in the fight to re­duce global poverty. Cana­dian writer Mar­garet At­wood and Bri­tish au­thor Bernar­dine Evaristo shared the Booker Prize af­ter the judg­ing panel for the pres­ti­gious fic­tion tro­phy re­fused to pick just one of them as the win­ner. To­day’s Birthdays: Clas­si­cal pi­anist Gary Graffman is 92. Movie di­rec­tor Car­roll Bal­lard is 83. Coun­try singer Melba Mont­gomery is 83. Former White House coun­sel John W. Dean III is 82. Fash­ion de­signer Ralph Lau­ren is 81. Singer Sir Cliff Richard is 80. Singer-mu­si­cian Justin Hay­ward (The Moody Blues) is 74. Ac­tor Greg Evi­gan is 67. TV per­son­al­ity Ar­leen Sorkin

is 65. World Golf Hall of Famer Beth Daniel is 64. Singer-mu­si­cian Thomas Dolby is 62. Ac­tor Lori Petty is 57. Philadel­phia Phillies man­ager Joe Gi­rardi is 56. Ac­tor Steve Coogan is 55. Singer Karyn White is 55. Ac­tor Ed­ward Kerr is 54. Ac­tor Jon Seda is 50. Coun­try mu­si­cian Doug Vir­den is 50. Coun­try singer Natalie Maines (The Chicks) is 46. Ac­tor-singer Shaz­nay Lewis (All Saints) is 45. Ac­tor Stephen Hill is 44. Singer Usher is 42. TV per­son­al­ity Stacy Keibler is 41. Ac­tor Ben Whishaw is 40. Ac­tor Jor­dan Brower is 39. Di­rec­tor Benh Zeitlin is 38. Ac­tor Skyler Shaye is 34. Ac­tor-co­me­dian Jay Pharoah is 33. Ac­tor Max Thieriot is 32.

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