Calhoun Times

GHN: The Top 10 Georgia health care stories of 2021

- By Andy Miller

Close to 20,000 new COVID cases (including positives from antigen tests) were reported in Georgia on the last Wednesday of 2021, as new daily state records were being set. On the state virus map, metro Atlanta was covered by a deep, dangerous red color, signifying high rates of infection.

People were scrambling to get COVID tests, and many were forced to reconsider their New Year’s plans. Six hospital systems in the metro Atlanta area jointly announced Wednesday that had experience­d 100 to 200 percent increases in COVID hospitaliz­ations in the past eight days, with the vast majority of inpatients being unvaccinat­ed.

Almost two years into the pandemic, COVID continued to dominate headlines . . . and it dominates our list of the Top 10 Georgia health care stories of 2021.

Vaccines became a key weapon. Matching the startling speed of COVID vaccine developmen­t, drug makers produced and shipped millions of doses to the nation in 2021. Georgians from the outset began getting in line for shots, and research showed that vaccinated people had a much better chance of escaping hospitaliz­ation and death. Yet at the end of the year, just barely over 50 percent of Georgians were fully vaccinated, even as booster shots were being given to increase immunity.

The virus adapted. After the first months of the pandemic, variants of COVID began to emerge, highlighti­ng the disease’s complexity. Georgia suffered through a deadly surge driven by the Delta variant. As that subsided, a new variant, Omicron, emerged toward the end of the year. Omicron helped fuel a daily record of COVID cases being reported, both in the U.S. and in Georgia. Hospitals again were seeing their number of virus patients increase.

COVID created more health worker shortages. Nursing staffs in hospitals shrank as RNs left for less perilous work environmen­ts and even retired. Hospitals began offering unpreceden­ted bonuses to attract nurses. COVID also forced shortages of caregivers for people with disabiliti­es getting home care. And state-run psychiatri­c hospitals faced alarming shortages of employees.

Kemp waivers ran into trouble. After the Biden administra­tion took office, the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services began questionin­g the work requiremen­ts in Gov. Brian Kemp’s proposal for increasing Medicaid enrollment in Georgia. Then, shortly before Christmas, the agency rejected those eligibilit­y restrictio­ns. Meanwhile, CMS also asked tough questions about the GOP governor’s other waiver request, to replace with an insurance portal privately run by insurers and brokers.

ACA marketplac­e enrollment soared. Federal health officials announced record enrollment in government­affiliated marketplac­es that let people buy health coverage. That high mark that was partly fueled by jumps in sign-ups in Georgia and the 11 other states that had not expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act. Georgia reported a record 653,000 enrollees, as the number of insurance options increased, buttressed by more help from ACA counselors (“navigators”) and enhanced discounts for some marketplac­e customers.

Abrams entered gubernator­ial race. Democrat Stacey Abrams, who narrowly lost to Republican Brian Kemp in 2018, announced she was running for governor again in 2022. With Abrams’ advocacy of Medicaid expansion and other policies that Gov. Kemp and his GOP allies have rejected, this signaled that health care could be a pivotal issue in the contest.

Expired contracts and frustrated customers. More contracts between giant insurers and hospital systems nationally were being severed without a renewal agreement, and those disruption­s played out in Georgia as well. Wellstar’s contract with UnitedHeal­thcare ended in October, and Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield was heading for a Jan. 1 breakup with Northside Hospital.

Rural health problems persisted. Extra COVID funding helped stave off closures of rural hospitals across the nation, but there were many pockets in Georgia where medical services remained scarce. Some communitie­s began looking to establish stand-alone rural emergency hospitals to fill the holes left by shuttered hospitals.

Hospital consolidat­ion resumed. Piedmont Healthcare added four Georgia hospitals, buying them from HCA. Piedmont also began closing in on University Hospital in Augusta. Meanwhile, in Rome, Atrium Health took over Floyd Medical Center, while AdventHeal­th acquired Redmond Regional Medical Center. Such moves added bargaining clout to hospital systems seeking higher reimbursem­ents from health insurers.

EPA widened probe of lead in Atlanta soil. The federal EPA expanded its investigat­ion of a large swath of the low-income English Avenue neighborho­od for lead in the soil. Meanwhile, a Georgia House study committee produced a series of recommenda­tions to beef up state law aimed at protecting people from lead poisoning.

Monkeypox scare hit Georgia. Public Health officials reported that 43 people in Georgia were monitored in July for monkeypox. They had been exposed to an air traveler infected with the rare disease while the person was flying from Nigeria to Atlanta and then to Dallas.

None of the Georgians turned out to be infected. Monkeypox originates in various wild animals, not only monkeys, and can be transmitte­d if a person comes into contact with the virus from an infected animal, an infected person or contaminat­ed materials.

 ?? Blake Silvers ?? Floyd Medical Center, 304 Turner McCall Blvd.
Blake Silvers Floyd Medical Center, 304 Turner McCall Blvd.

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