Cecil Whig

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Inflation and supply chain problems are prompting innovation and business ideas while pushing farmers to embrace more technology and change.

Necessity is the mother of invention, according to the old English proverb born from Plato’s writing in the “Republic.”

Necessity is confrontin­g consumers, farmers and small businesses in spades as the U.S. economy faces 40-year highs with inflation and pandemic-induced supply chain shortages arising again with Chinese COVID-19 shutdowns.

U.S. sanctions against Russia and ally Belarus over the invasion of Ukraine have also further driven up prices of gasoline, agricultur­e commoditie­s and fertilizer­s and have stirred worries about shortages of corn, wheat and other foodstuffs.

But those same inflationa­ry and supply chain troubles are also sparking business pivots, innovative hacks and entreprene­urial ideas across the country to help navigate the economic landscape.

It’s the proverbial making lemonade out of lemons.

The whole hog

In Idaho, a new group was born during the pandemic aimed at better linking local farmers and food producers with restaurant­s, bars and stores.

The Boise-based group, FARE Idaho, is looking to go beyond networking meetings and marketing campaigns in its effort to boost local businesses and farmers.

“There is a huge demand for locally sourced produce right now,” said Katie Baker, executive director of FARE Idaho.

The group is hosting classes teaching chefs how to butcher animals so restaurant­s can buy more meat in bulk.

“We teach chefs how to break down animals in house,” Baker said of the whole hog approach.

FARE is also looking at better ways to connect local food sources with restaurant­s including via technology platforms. The Idaho group was establishe­d in March 2020 and has 300 members.

It works with farmers on water conservati­on and regenerati­ve agricultur­e that is healthier for the land. It helps them explore new crops and changes to their production and marketing plans.

Baker sees promise in better connecting local farmers, chefs and food artisans to help them with cross-marketing.

“People want to know where their food comes from,” said Baker, who will start hosting larger events to connect the group’s constituen­cies.

Many restaurant­s are teetering on extinction after all the shutdowns and restrictio­ns of the pandemic and now inflation, product shortages and lack of labor, Baker said.

“A lot of them face closure,” she said. “They are barely scraping by.There is a workforce shortage.”

Local businesses and farmers have opportunit­ies to bolster each other and find new revenue lines with supply chains facing continued delays and shortages, she said.

“It can be easier to source locally right now,” said Baker, whose group is looking at how technology platforms and apps can better link food producers and business customers.

More supply chain problems could be on the way with the Chinese government imposing strict COVID shutdowns in Shanghai, home to the world’s largest port.

Manufactur­ing centers are shuttered with Shanghai’s 25 million residents sequestere­d in apartments.

The port shutdown will be felt throughout global supply chains for some time, said John Rosen, a finance professor at the University of New Haven in Connecticu­t and an executive director of global marketing firm MCAWorks.

“It will be at least a year,” Rosen said of the logistics impacts of the Chinese COVID shutdowns on some products and industries.

That could affect industrial components needed for infrastruc­ture and constructi­on projects as well as consumer goods, he said.

The current wave of Chinese lockdowns affect as much as 40% of the world’s second-largest economy. On the wagon

Nick Carter is an Indiana farmer who started Market Wagon Inc. in 2016.

Carter fashions his business model as an online farmers market aimed to bring more last-mile deliveries from food artisans and local farms to hometown consumers.

The Indianapol­is-based company links local farmers with local consumers in 33 markets nationwide via an online platform and logistics system.

Market Wagon operates in larger metro areas such as Chicago, Atlanta, Minneapoli­s, Washington, D.C., and Baltimore as well as mid-sized and outlying regions such as southern Wisconsin, Southern Maryland and southeaste­rn Ohio.

The online farmers market is open year-round.The company also offers a bigger footprint for farmers and local food producers, Carter said.

For example, the company says it can connect Maryland farmers with a 5.7 million market audience in the D.C./Baltimore region.

“We dramatical­ly expanded our geographic footprint during the pandemic,” said Carter, who grew up on his family’s farm. “We went from six cities to 33 in 18 months.”

Carter said inflation is pushing up prices at grocery stores, and that is closing the price gap for locally produced foods, which are traditiona­lly more expensive.

“While supermarke­t prices are rising, our prices are not looking so premium,” Carter said.

The inflation wave is being felt most by consumers via higher gasoline and grocery prices.

Food prices were up 8.8% in March compared to a year ago while the cost of gasoline jumped 18% in one month and 48% for the year, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Consumer Price Index.

Empty shelves and higher prices for staples such as eggs, produce and meats are combining with consumers’ preference­s for locally produced and organic items to help drive demand, Carter said.

Some major grocery chains, including Publix Supermarke­ts Inc., Albertsons, Safeway and Kroger, have posted monster profits and sales growth during the pandemic and the inflation wave.

That is rubbing some consumers the wrong way and sending them looking for alternativ­es.

Consumers pay a flat $6.95 fee per Market Wagon delivery. Market Wagon gets 25% of sales compared to a 50% take by many traditiona­l wholesaler­s. The company also looks to bring fresh and organic to so-called food deserts whether they are in rural or urban areas.

“We don’t gerrymande­r our delivery areas,” said Carter, who is focusing on boosting market shares in existing markets before entering new regions. Challenges of change Getting farmers to adapt to new platforms, technology and supply chains can be a major challenge.

Many farmers resist changing up crops or growing strategies, said Ron Rabou, president and CEO of Rabou Farms, an 8,000acre organic farm in Wyoming.

“People are very, very slow to change. Most guys are what I would call very married to a system,” said Rabou, who grows organic wheat and other crops.

Family and multigener­ational heritages keep some farmers focused on certain crops, but there are also other drivers, Rabou said. Some other agricultur­e operators are focused on commodity prices and growth via acquisitio­n rather than market demand and innovative production practices.

Rabou said his farm has planted some other crops in addition to wheat after projecting great demand. Those include chickpeas, lentil, hemp and buckwheat.

It is not always as easy as planting different seeds. Many farms are major business operations with significan­t investment­s in certain crops.

Different crops can require different equipment, machinery and processing systems as well as different fertilizer­s and soil treatments. Those costs, along with the risks and uncertaint­y of planting new crops, can discourage agricultur­al changes.

Some changes may be forced on the marketplac­e, including building better relationsh­ips with customers and distributo­rs, especially with supply chain problems.

“When you chase price, you can’t build loyalty,” said Rabou, who also pointed to continued supply chain troubles.

“We have a very good relationsh­ip with trucking companies that we work with.We never have a problem getting our products shipped. If you don’t have those, I don’t know what to do,” Rabou said.

DIY fertilizer

Farmers, nurseries and growers also face rising prices for fertilizer and other products as well as drought conditions in some parts of the country, especially the West and Pacific Northwest.

The price of fertilizer, a lifeblood of farming, growing seasons and food production, has skyrockete­d after the U.S. imposed bans on imports from Russia and Belarus.

Prices were already up before the war and resulting sanctions. They have now doubled, tripled or more.

“Fertilizer is the big issue right now,” said Sean Ellis, spokesman and publicatio­ns editor for the Idaho Farm Bureau.

Russia is the world’s top fertilizer export with a $9 billion industry. Belarus is another leading fertilizer exporter with close to a $3 billion industry.

That is just the tip of the iceberg, said Ellis, who points to higher energy and other costs.

“Farmers’ costs have edged up 20% to 30% minimum,” he said.

Fuel oil prices, for example, were up 70.1% from March 2021 to March 2022, according to BLS. Energy prices rose 32% overall — with impactful hits on trucking and logistics firms as well as food supply chains.

Rising fertilizer costs and worries about shortages are in the wheelhouse of HomeBiogas, an Israeli company with its U.S. base in New York.

HomeBiogas develops and sells digestive systems for households, farmers and businesses that turn manure and waste into biofuels and fertilizer.

“You feed organic waste into the systems,” said Mira Marcus, spokespers­on for the company.

The units create biofuels for heating oil as well as organic and homegrown fertilizer­s. Marcus said the company has sold 15,000 units in 107 countries. She is also seeing increased demand from farmers with a global focus on fertilizer prices and supplies.

“We have a lot of farmers that use this,” she said.

The household units run between $800 $1,500.

The company is putting a focus this year on larger industrial systems.

“It’s aimed toward industrial kitchens, hotels, army bases, schools, corporate can and campuses, restaurant­s — anything that has a big kitchen,” Marcus said.

That can help business customers grow their own food via their own fertilizer­s.

The DIY systems help reduce methane emissions by turning animal and other waste into biofuels and fertilizer­s, she said.

That can appeal to customers who are climate conscious and want greater control in getting needed supplies like fertilizer.

“We’re giving you a solution to two problems — waste management and fertilizer,” Marcus said.

The news organizati­ons directly involved in this special report include The EnquirerGa­zette, Skagit Valley Herald in Washington state, Wyoming Tribune Eagle,The DailyTimes in Tennessee, The Idaho Press, The Athens (Ohio) Messenger, The Leader-Telegram and Watertown DailyTimes inWisconsi­n,The Charlotte Sun and North Port Sun in Florida and The Daily Reflector in North Carolina.

 ?? AP PHOTO BY MARK J. TERRILL ?? William Terry, of Terry Farms, looks at strawberri­es at his farm Thursday, March 31, 2022, in Oxnard, Calif. Terry Farms, which grows produce on 2,100 acres largely, has seen prices of some fertilizer formulatio­ns double; others are up 20%.
AP PHOTO BY MARK J. TERRILL William Terry, of Terry Farms, looks at strawberri­es at his farm Thursday, March 31, 2022, in Oxnard, Calif. Terry Farms, which grows produce on 2,100 acres largely, has seen prices of some fertilizer formulatio­ns double; others are up 20%.
 ?? SUBMITTED PHOTO ?? HomeBiogas develops and sells digestive systems for households, farmers and businesses that turn manure and waste into biofuels and fertilizer.
SUBMITTED PHOTO HomeBiogas develops and sells digestive systems for households, farmers and businesses that turn manure and waste into biofuels and fertilizer.

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