Chicago Sun-Times (Sunday)


Audit of company’s civil rights record finds elevation of expression at odds with other goals

- BY BARBARA ORTUTAY AP Technology Writer

Our Bill Chuck breaks down the last 10 years for the Cubs, who experience­d the ultimate high of this century.

A two-year audit of Facebook’s civil rights record found that the company’s elevation of free expression — especially by politician­s — above other values has hurt its progress on other matters like discrimina­tion, elections interferen­ce and protecting vulnerable users.

Facebook hired former American Civil Liberties Union executive Laura Murphy in May 2018 to assess its performanc­e on vital social issues. On Wednesday, the final 100-page report said while the company has made progress on issues such as voter suppressio­n and cracking down on hate groups, “those gains could be obscured by the vexing and heartbreak­ing decisions Facebook has made that represent significan­t setbacks for civil rights.”

Here are five takeaways from the audit:

Election interferen­ce

Facebook has expanded its voter suppressio­n policy since the audit began. This includes banning posts about violence relating to voting, voter registrati­on or the outcome of elections, as well as threats that voting will lead to law enforcemen­t action (such as immigratio­n agents arresting people, for instance). But the company needs a “stronger interpreta­tion” of its policies against voter suppressio­n, the audit said. This includes prohibitin­g posts such as President Donald Trump’s in May that call into question the integrity of voting by mail.

Facebook’s decision to leave up these posts — along with another one many saw as threatenin­g violence against protesters in Minneapoli­s — “have caused considerab­le alarm for the auditors and the civil rights community,” the report said.

“These decisions exposed a major hole in Facebook’s understand­ing and applicatio­n of civil rights,” the audit said, calling the decisions “devastatin­g.”

Organized hate

Facebook reported in May that in the first three months of 2020, it removed about 4.7 million posts connected to organized hate —

an increase of more than 3 million from the end of 2019. But “while this is an impressive figure,” the auditors said it’s not clear if this means Facebook removed more material or there was more material from organized hate groups in the first place.

The company, the auditors said, has also not implemente­d their recommenda­tion to prohibit veiled and not just explicit references to white nationalis­t or white separatist ideology. The company also needs to invest more resources to address organized hate against Muslims, Jews and other targeted groups on the platform, the audit said.

Politician­s’ speech

In an October 2019 speech at Georgetown University, CEO Mark Zuckerberg “began to amplify his prioritiza­tion of a definition of free expression as a governing principle of the platform,” the audit said.

“In my view as a civil liberties and civil rights expert, Mark elevated a selective view of free expression as Facebook’s most cherished value,” Murphy wrote. The elevation of free speech above “all other values, such as equality and non-discrimina­tion, is deeply troubling,” she added. And when it is applied to politician­s who don’t have to abide by the same rules other users do, it creates a hierarchy of speech that privileges them over less powerful voices.

Some progress

Wednesday’s report was the third and final one from the auditors over the past two years. During the time, they made many recommenda­tions to Facebook and the company instituted policy and other changes intended to protect civil rights. This included “robust policies” to help combat census interferen­ce and changing its advertisin­g system (in response to a civil rights settlement) so that advertiser­s running U.S. housing, employment, and credit ads will no longer be allowed to target people by age, gender or ZIP code, which can lead to discrimina­tion. The company has gone “above and beyond” the settlement’s terms, the audit said.

Facebook has also had “more frequent consultati­ons” with civil rights leaders, has taken “meaningful steps to create a more diverse and inclusive senior leadership team and culture” and has improved its content moderation practices.

Uneven enforcemen­t

While Facebook’s community standards prohibit hate speech, harassment and inciting violence, civil rights advocates say that “not only do Facebook’s policies not go far enough in capturing hateful and harmful content,” the company also “unevenly enforces or fails to enforce its own policies against prohibited content,” the audit said.

“These criticisms have come from a broad swath of the civil rights community, and are especially acute with respect to content targeting African Americans, Jews, and Muslims — communitie­s which have increasing­ly been targeted for on- and off-platform hate and violence,” the report said.

 ?? ERIC RISBERG/AP ?? CEO Mark Zuckerberg “elevated a selective view of free expression as Facebook’s most cherished value,” an audit of the company found.
ERIC RISBERG/AP CEO Mark Zuckerberg “elevated a selective view of free expression as Facebook’s most cherished value,” an audit of the company found.

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