ON NOVEMBER 4 ...
In 1775 the Continental Congress directed that each American soldier receive one pint of milk and one quart of beer or cider each day.
In 1842 Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd in Springfield.
In 1879 humorist Will Rogers was born in Oologah in present-day Oklahoma.
In 1880 the first cash register was patented by James and John Ritty of Dayton, Ohio.
In 1884 Democrat Grover Cleveland was elected to his first term as president, defeating Republican James Blaine.
In 1921 Japan’s Premier Takashi Hara was assassinated.
In 1922 the entrance to King Tutankhamen’s tomb was discovered in Egypt.
In 1924 Nellie Ross, of Wyoming, became the first female governor after being elected to fill the unexpired term of her husband, William B. Ross.
In 1939 the United States modified its neutrality stance in World War II, allowing “cash and carry” purchases of arms by belligerents, a policy favoring Britain and France. Also in 1939 the first air-conditioned automobile, made by the Packard Motor Car Co., went on display at an auto show in Chicago.
In 1946 former first lady Laura Welch Bush was born in Midland, Texas.
In 1952 Republican Dwight Eisenhower was elected president, defeating Illinois Gov. Adlai Stevenson.
In 1962 President John Kennedy announced completion of a series of American nuclear tests in the Pacific.
In 1979 the Iranian hostage crisis began as militants stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, seizing its occupants. For some of the hostages, it was the start of 444 days of captivity. In 1980 Ronald Reagan won the White House, defeating President Jimmy Carter.
In 1991 Ronald Reagan opened his presidential library in Simi Valley, Calif.
In 1995 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was shot to death by a rightwing Israeli moments after leaving a Tel Aviv peace rally; Rabin was 73.
In 2000 Yugoslavia’s parliament approved the country’s first communist-free government in more than half a century.
In 2004 it was announced that Elizabeth Edwards, wife of former Democratic vice-presidential candidate John Edwards, had been diagnosed with breast cancer the day her husband and Sen. John Kerry conceded the presidential race.
In 2008 Barack Obama, of Illinois, was elected to the White House, defeating Republican Sen. John McCain to become the 44th president of the United States and the first African-American to hold that office.
In 2015 authorities said Fox Lake police Lt. Charles Joseph Gliniewicz shot himself in a “carefully staged suicide” designed to look like he was killed in the line of duty after years of engaging in “extensive criminal acts.”
In 2016 thousands of Cubs fans flocked to downtown Chicago for a parade and rally to celebrate the team’s first World Series Championship since 1908. Also in 2016 a federal jury found that Rolling Stone magazine, its publisher and a reporter had defamed a University of Virginia administrator in a debunked 2014 story about a gang rape at a fraternity house. (The magazine and the administrator, Nicole Eramo, later reached a confidential settlement.)