Four ways students are restrained
The crisis-management systems commonly used in schools train employees in how to physically control students who pose a danger to themselves or others. Standing and seated restraints are typically taught; some systems also include restraints that take place on the floor.
Standing restraints are meant to restrict a child’s arms. A school worker can cross the student's arms over his chest from behind, as shown here, or grasp the arms while standing beside the child.
In seated restraints, adults use their lower bodies to hold the child still and secure the student's arms across their bodies.
Supine restraints begin with a “takedown,” and staff members then secure the student’s arms and legs. Care should be taken not to put pressure on the child’s joints. Typically, at least three staff members participate.
Prone, or facedown, restraints begin like supine restraints. Employees then turn the student onto his front and secure his arms and legs. Workers are told to avoid putting pressure on the student’s back, which can inhibit breathing.
SOURCES: CHICAGO TRIBUNE AND PROPUBLICA ILLINOIS REPORTING JEMAL R. BRINSON / CHICAGO TRIBUNE