Chicago Tribune (Sunday)

Debate over aid for Ukraine snared in US border security

- By Lisa Mascaro

WASHINGTON — As war and winter collide, a top adviser to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy acknowledg­ed during a recent visit to Washington that the days ahead “will be tough” as his country battles Russia while U.S. support from Congress hangs in the balance.

President Joe Biden’s nearly $106 billion aid package for Ukraine, Israel and other needs sits idle in Congress, neither approved nor rejected, but subjected to new political demands from Republican­s who are insisting on U.S.-Mexico border policy changes to halt the flow of migrants.

Linking Ukraine’s military assistance to U.S. border security interjects one of the most divisive domestic political issues — immigratio­n and border crossings — into the middle of an intensifyi­ng debate over wartime foreign policy.

When Congress returns this coming week from the holiday break, Biden’s request will be a top item on the to-do list, and the stakes couldn’t be higher. Failure risks delaying U.S. military aid to Kyiv and Israel, along with humanitari­an assistance for Gaza, in the midst of two wars, potentiall­y underminin­g America’s global standing.

What just a year ago was overwhelmi­ng support for Ukraine’s young democracy as it reaches for an alliance with the West to stop Russia’s invasion has devolved into another partisan fight in the United States.

The continued delivery of U.S. military and government aid is losing favor with a hard-right wing of Republican lawmakers and with some Americans.

Nearly half of the U.S. public thinks the country is spending too much on aid to Ukraine, according to polling

from Associated PressNORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

Rather than approve Biden’s request, which includes $61 billion for Ukraine, Republican­s are demanding something in return.

Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky has said the “best way” to ensure GOP support for Ukraine is for Biden and Democrats to accept border policy changes that would limit the flow of migrants across the border with Mexico.

To that end, a core group of senators, Republican­s and Democrats, have been meeting privately to come up with a border policy solution that both parties could support, unlocking GOP votes for the Ukraine aid.

On the table are asylum law changes pushed by the Republican­s that would make it more difficult for migrants to enter the U.S., even if they claim they are in danger, and reduce their release on parole while awaiting judicial proceeding­s. Republican­s also want to resume constructi­on of the border wall.

Democrats call these essentiall­y nonstarter­s, and the talks are going slowly. Those who have worked on immigratio­n-related issues

for years see a political disaster in the making for all sides — Ukraine included.

“I think it’s terrible that we’re in the position we’re in,” said Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Conn.

The White House has requested roughly $14 billion for border security in its broader package, with money for more border patrol officers, detention facilities and judges to process immigratio­n cases. It also includes stepped-up inspection­s to stop the flow of deadly fentanyl.

With Congress narrowly split, Republican­s holding slim majority control of the House and Democrats a close edge in the Senate, bipartisan agreement will almost certainly be required for any legislatio­n to advance.

Pentagon funding for Ukraine is rapidly dwindling. The Defense Department has the authority to take about $5 billion worth of equipment from its stockpiles to send to Ukraine, but only has about $1 billion to replenish those stocks. So military leaders are worried about the effect on U.S. troop readiness and equipping.

The need for an infusion of funding is growing “by the day,” said Pentagon spokeswoma­n Sabrina Singh.

 ?? MARK SCHIEFELBE­IN/AP ?? Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., walks with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy on Sept. 21 at the Capitol in Washington.
MARK SCHIEFELBE­IN/AP Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., walks with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy on Sept. 21 at the Capitol in Washington.

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