ON APRIL 17 ...

Chicago Tribune - - BUSINESS -

In 1790 Ben­jamin Franklin died in Philadel­phia; he was 84.

In 1861 the Vir­ginia State Con­ven­tion voted to se­cede from the Union.

In 1897 nov­el­ist and play­wright Thorn­ton Wilder was born in Madi­son, Wis.

In 1941 Yu­goslavia sur­ren­dered to Ger­many in World War II.

In 1961 about 1,500 CIA­trained Cuban ex­iles launched the Bay of Pigs in­va­sion of Cuba in an un­suc­cess­ful at­tempt to over­throw Fidel Cas­tro.

In 1964 Ford Mo­tor Co. in­tro­duced the Mus­tang. Also in 1964 Jer­rie Mock of Colum­bus, Ohio, be­came the first fe­male pilot to make a solo flight around the world.

In 1969 Sirhan Sirhan was con­victed of first-de­gree mur­der in the as­sas­si­na­tion of Sen. Robert Kennedy (D-N.Y.). Also in 1969 Cze­choslo­vak Com­mu­nist Party Chair­man Alexan­der Dubcek was de­posed.l

In 1970 the as­tro­nauts of Apollo 13 splashed down safely in the Pa­cific, four days af­ter a rup­tured oxy­gen tank crip­pled their space­craft.

In 1975 Ph­nom Penh fell to com­mu­nist Kh­mer Rouge in­sur­gents, end­ing Cam­bo­dia’s five-year war.

In 1982 Queen El­iz­a­beth II pro­claimed a new con­sti­tu­tion for Canada, giv­ing that na­tion in­de­pen­dence from Britain.

In 1983 Pol­ish po­lice in Warsaw routed 1,000 Sol­i­dar­ity sup­port­ers par­tic­i­pat­ing in an un­of­fi­cial cer­e­mony mark­ing the 40th an­niver­sary of the Warsaw ghetto up­ris­ing.

In 1991 the Dow Jones in­dus­trial av­er­age closed above 3,000 for the first time.

In 1993 a fed­eral jury in Los An­ge­les con­victed two for­mer po­lice of­fi­cers of vi­o­lat­ing the civil rights of beaten mo­torist Rod­ney King. Two other of­fi­cers were ac­quit­ted.

In 1996 Lyle and Erik Me­nen­dez were spared the death penalty by a Los An­ge­les jury, which rec­om­mended they serve life in prison with­out pa­role for killing their wealthy par­ents.

In 1998 Linda Mc­Cart­ney, wife of mu­si­cian Paul Mc­Cart­ney, died in Tuc­son, Ariz.; she was 56.

In 2002 a fed­eral judge ruled the Jus­tice Depart­ment couldn’t in­ter­fere with Ore­gon’s as­sisted-sui­cide law. (The law was ul­ti­mately up­held by the U.S. Supreme Court.)

In 2006 for­mer Gov. Ge­orge Ryan was con­victed of cor­rup­tion.

In 2013 an ex­plo­sion at a fer­til­izer plant in West, Texas, killed at least 15 peo­ple, in­jured more than 150 oth­ers and dam­aged or de­stroyed hun­dreds of build­ings.

In 2015 Car­di­nal Fran­cis Ge­orge, the first Chicago na­tive to serve as the lo­cal arch­bishop and a man who be­came the in­tel­lec­tual leader of the Amer­i­can church, died in Chicago af­ter a years­long strug­gle with can­cer; he was 78.

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