Trump shouldn’t have pulled out of Ira­nian Nu­clear Deal.

Daily Local News (West Chester, PA) - - OPINION - By Zach Aga­malian

Ed­i­tor’s note: The fol­low­ing Opin­ion col­umn was one of three es­says se­lected for pub­li­ca­tion from stu­dents in World Cul­tures classes taught by Brian Busby, West Ch­ester East High School.

In 2015, Pres­i­dent Obama and the lead­ers of the Euro­pean Union (EU) made an agree­ment with Iran to pre­vent them from mak­ing nu­clear weapons; This was called the Joint Com­pre­hen­sive Plan of Ac­tion (JCPOA). This deal was im­ple­mented be­cause pre­vi­ously, Iran was en­rich­ing large amounts of plu­to­nium and U-235, both which are used for mak­ing nu­clear weapons.

Iran was stock­pil­ing these el­e­ments and the other equip­ment needed for mak­ing nu­clear weapons, in ad­di­tion to build­ing large nu­clear fa­cil­i­ties near mil­i­tary com­plexes. Once the JCPOA came into ef­fect, it forced Iran to give up 98 per­cent of its nu­clear stock­pile, as­sert­ing that its stock­pile can­not ex­ceed 6,600 pounds. The plan also calls for rou­tine in­spec­tion of its nu­clear fa­cil­i­ties, and puts a ban on Iran from pro­duc­ing U-235 and plu­to­nium.

In May 2018, Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump pulled out of the deal, there­fore sig­nif­i­cantly weak­en­ing the in­ter­na­tional back­ing of the deal and mak­ing it less ef­fec­tive.

The US was en­forc­ing these reg­u­la­tions the most, and the rou­tine in­spec­tion of these fa­cil­i­ties and en­force­ment of the stock­pile limit stopped when the deal ceased. Trump pulled out of the JCPOA with­out a re­place­ment plan, as he thought he could pres­sure Iran with tar­iffs like he pres­sured North Korea. North Korea was will­ing to ne­go­ti­ate, but the Ira­nian gov­ern­ment had al­ready ne­go­ti­ated, and they are not will­ing to rene­go­ti­ate.

The EU has al­ways be­lieved that Iran has been fol­low­ing all the reg­u­la­tions that were in place and that there was no need to change the JCPOA. The con­tin­u­ous trade has been strength­en­ing both the Ira­nian econ­omy as well as the econ­omy of the EU. Mean­while, the US was putting ex­tremely harsh tar­iffs on the Ira­ni­ans, there­fore pu­n­ish­ing the Ira­ni­ans for fol­low­ing the reg­u­la­tions, which in turn was de­stroy­ing the Ira­nian econ­omy be­cause they could not pay the trade fees. Iran fi­nally spoke up about their un­fair treat­ment and in Au­gust filed a law suit with the United Na­tions (UN) against the US.

The UN agreed with the Ira­ni­ans, stat­ing that the US is un­fairly pu­n­ish­ing Iran and ordered the US to lift the re­cent tar­iffs they placed on them. The UN has also banned the US from ad­ding any ad­di­tional tar­iffs on Iran in the fu­ture.

Fur­ther­more, Trump told the EU that if any of their coun­tries traded with Iran, that the US would place tar­iffs on their goods.

This has put un­needed strain on our re­la­tion­ship with Europe and in turn has re­duced our global foot­print, which will make us a smaller player on the global stage in the fu­ture.

Since the JCPOA went into ef­fect, Iran is us­ing the money that was once fund­ing its nu­clear pro­gram as fund­ing for med­i­cal re­search and nu­clear sci­ence. Iran has also de­vel­oped a space agency over the last few years, and since 2016 the agency has got­ten an in­crease in fund­ing, and they are now suc­cess­fully launch­ing satel­lites into or­bit.

Iran is now be­com­ing a player in the mod­ern day space race. Un­der the Ira­nian Nu­clear deal, the US was sup­posed to rou­tinely in­spect the fa­cil­i­ties of the Ira­nian space agency, be­cause a space-fair­ing na­tion has the abil­ity to launch bal­lis­tic mis­siles.

The deal al­lowed Iran to con­tinue their space pro­grams, while be­ing mon­i­tored for nu­clear reg­u­la­tions. While Iran is still say­ing that they are fol­low­ing their reg­u­la­tions, with­out the US in the deal, there is no one to mon­i­tor Iran’s fa­cil­i­ties to make sure that they are in­deed fol­low­ing the reg­u­la­tions that were put in place.

Pulling out of the Ira­nian Nu­clear deal was a bad de­ci­sion be­cause it has done noth­ing but make Iran more un­sta­ble in an al­ready un­sta­ble Mid­dle East.

Pres­i­dent Trump has men­tioned nu­mer­ous times that pulling out of the JCPOA was a cam­paign prom­ise and that in do­ing so, he is un­do­ing Oba­maera treaties and trade deals for the bet­ter­ment of the coun­try.

How­ever, it seems as though this is one-sided deal for his needs and not ac­tu­ally for the bet­ter­ment of the US or the world. Now we are left with a trade strug­gle with the EU, an Ira­nian econ­omy on the verge of crum­bling again, a lower place on the UN stage, and nu­clear fa­cil­i­ties left with­out in­spec­tion in Iran.

What the US pull-out of the JCPOA is do­ing is set­ting up a sce­nario that could leave the US and Iran on the brink of war again.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from USA

© PressReader. All rights reserved.