ALMANAC

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On June 28, 1778, the Revo­lu­tion­ary War Bat­tle of Mon­mouth took place in New Jer­sey; from this bat­tle arose the le­gend of “Molly Pitcher,” a woman who was said to have car­ried wa­ter to colo­nial sol­diers, then took over fir­ing her hus­band’s can­non after he was dis­abled.

In 1838 Bri­tain’s Queen Vic­to­ria was crowned in West­min­ster Abbey.

In 1863 dur­ing the

Civil War, Pres­i­dent Abra­ham Lin­coln ap­pointed Maj. Gen. Ge­orge G. Meade the new com­man­der of the Army of the Po­tomac, fol­low­ing the res­ig­na­tion of Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker.

In 1914 Arch­duke Franz Fer­di­nand of Aus­tria and his wife, So­phie, were shot to death in Sara­jevo by Serb na­tion­al­ist Gavrilo Prin­cip — an act which sparked World War I.

In 1919 the Treaty of Ver­sailles was signed in France, end­ing World War I.

In 1940 Pres­i­dent

Franklin D. Roo­sevelt signed the Alien Reg­is­tra­tion Act, also known as the Smith Act, which re­quired adult for­eign­ers re­sid­ing in the U.S. to be reg­is­tered and fin­ger­printed.

In 1978 the Supreme

Court or­dered the Univer­sity of Cal­i­for­nia-Davis Med­i­cal School to ad­mit Al­lan Bakke, a white man who ar­gued he’d been a vic­tim of re­verse racial dis­crim­i­na­tion.

In 1994 Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton be­came the first chief ex­ec­u­tive in U.S. his­tory to set up a per­sonal le­gal de­fense fund and ask Amer­i­cans to con­trib­ute to it. In 1997 in a wild re­match, Evan­der Holy­field re­tained the WBA heavy­weight box­ing cham­pi­onship after his op­po­nent, Mike Tyson, was dis­qual­i­fied for bit­ing Holy­field’s ear dur­ing the third round of their fight in Las Ve­gas. In 2013 the four plain­tiffs in the U.S. Supreme Court case that over­turned Cal­i­for­nia’s same-sex mar­riage ban tied the knot, just hours after a fed­eral ap­peals court freed gay cou­ples to ob­tain mar­riage li­censes in the state for the first time in 4 1/2 years.

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