Lessons for Brexit from Nor­way’s hard bor­der with Swe­den

Daily Times (Primos, PA) - - BUSINESS - By David Key­ton and Jill Law­less

ORJE, NOR­WAY >> With fresh snow crunch­ing un­der their boots and a hand­ful of pa­pers to be checked and stamped, truck driv­ers from Latvia, Swe­den and Poland make their way across Nor­way’s Orje cus­toms sta­tion to a small of­fice where their goods will be cleared out of the Euro­pean Union and into Nor­way.

While many bor­der posts in Europe have van­ished,, Nor­way’s hard bor­der with the Euro­pean Union is clearly vis­i­ble, with cam­eras, li­cense-plate recog­ni­tion sys­tems and bar­ri­ers direct­ing traf­fic to cus­toms of­fi­cers.

Nor­way’s mem­ber­ship in the Euro­pean Eco­nomic Area (EEA) grants it ac­cess to the EU’s vast com­mon mar­ket and most goods are ex­empt from pay­ing du­ties. Still, ev­ery­thing en­ter­ing the coun­try must be de­clared and cleared through cus­toms.

Tech­no­log­i­cal so­lu­tions be­ing tested in Nor­way to dig­i­tal­ize cus­toms pro­ce­dures for cargo have been seized on by some in Bri­tain as a way to over­come bor­der­re­lated prob­lems that threaten to scut­tle a di­vorce deal with the EU. But the re­al­i­ties of this north­ern bor­der also show the dif­fi­cul­ties that per­sist.

A di­vorce deal be­tween Bri­tain and the EU has stum­bled over how to guar­an­tee an open bor­der be­tween the United King­dom’s North­ern Ire­land and EU mem­ber state Ire­land after Bri­tain leaves the bloc on March 29.

The Ir­ish bor­der area was a flashpoint dur­ing decades of con­flict in North­ern Ire­land that cost 3,700 lives. The free flow of peo­ple and goods across the near-in­vis­i­ble Ir­ish bor­der now un­der­pins both the lo­cal econ­omy and North­ern Ire­land’s peace process.

The EU’s pro­posed so­lu­tion is for Bri­tain to re­main in a cus­toms union with the bloc, elim­i­nat­ing the need for checks un­til an­other so­lu­tion is found. But pro-Brexit Bri­tish politi­cians say that would stop the U.K. from forg­ing new trade deals around the world.

Tech­nol­ogy may or may not be the an­swer, de­pend­ing on who you talk to.

“Ev­ery­one agrees that we have to avoid a hard bor­der in North­ern Ire­land, and ... tech­nol­ogy will play a big part in do­ing so,” said North­ern Ire­land Min­is­ter John Pen­rose.

But EU deputy Brexit ne­go­tia­tor Sabine Weyand said on Twit­ter: “Can tech­nol­ogy solve the Ir­ish bor­der prob­lem? Short an­swer: not in the next few years.”

The Cus­toms of­fice at Orje, on the road con­nect­ing the cap­i­tals of Oslo and Stock­holm, has been test­ing a new dig­i­tal clear­ance sys­tem to speed goods through cus­toms by en­abling ex­porters to sub­mit in­for­ma­tion on­line up to two hours be­fore a truck reaches the bor­der.

At her desk in Orje, Chief Cus­toms of­fi­cer Nina Bul­lock was han­dling tra­di­tional pa­per bor­der clear­ance forms when her com­puter in­formed her of an in­com­ing truck that used the Ex­press Clear­ance sys­tem.

“We know the truck num­ber, we know the driver, we know what kinds of goods, we know ev­ery­thing,” she told The As­so­ci­ated Press. “It will pass by the two cam­eras and go on. It’s doesn’t need to come into the of­fice.”

That al­lows Cus­toms of­fi­cers to con­duct risk as­sess­ments be­fore the ve­hi­cle even reaches the bor­der.

So far, only 10 Swedish com­pa­nies are in the pi­lot project, rep­re­sent­ing just a hand­ful of the 400450 trucks that cross at this bor­der post each day. But if it’s suc­cess­ful, the plan will be ex­panded.

In the six months since the trial be­gan, Cus­toms sec­tion chief Hakon Krogh says some prob­lems have brought the sys­tem to a stand­still, from snow block­ing the cam­era, to Wi-Fi is­sues pre­vent­ing the bor­der bar­rier from lift­ing, to truck driv­ers who mis­un­der­stand which cus­toms lane to use.

DAVID KEY­TON — THE AS­SO­CI­ATED PRESS

A truck passes the Nor­we­gian bor­der to­wards Swe­den, on Fri­day, Feb. 8 2019. Nor­way’s hard bor­der with the Euro­pean Union is equipped with cam­eras, li­cense-plate recog­ni­tion sys­tems and bar­ri­ers direct­ing traf­fic to Cus­toms of­fi­cers. Nor­way’s mem­ber­ship in the Euro­pean Eco­nomic Area (EEA) grants it ac­cess to the com­mon mar­ket and most goods are ex­empt from pay­ing du­ties but ev­ery­thing en­ter­ing the coun­try must be de­clared and cleared through cus­toms.

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