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S hirley Tem­ple Black (née Tem­ple; April 23, 1928 – Fe­bru­ary 10, 2014) was an Amer­i­can film and tele­vi­sion ac­tress, singer, dancer and pub­lic ser­vant, most fa­mous as a child star in the 1930s. As an adult, she en­tered pol­i­tics and be­came a diplo­mat, serv­ing as United States Am­bas­sador to Ghana and later to Cze­choslo­vakia, and as Chief of Pro­to­col of the United States. Tem­ple be­gan her film ca­reer in 1932 at the age of three. In 1934, she found in­ter­na­tional fame in Bright Eyes, a fea­ture film de­signed specif­i­cally for her tal­ents. She re­ceived a spe­cial Ju­ve­nile Academy Award in Fe­bru­ary 1935 for her out­stand­ing con­tri­bu­tion as a ju­ve­nile per­former to mo­tion pic­tures dur­ing 1934, and film hits such as Curly Top and Heidi fol­lowed year after year dur­ing the mid-to-late 1930s. Li­censed mer­chan­dise that cap­i­tal­ized on her whole­some im­age in­cluded dolls, dishes and cloth­ing. Her box of­fice pop­u­lar­ity waned as she reached ado­les­cence, and she left the film in­dus­try in her teens.[1] She ap­peared in a few films of vary­ing qual­ity in her mid-to-late teens, and re­tired com­pletely from films in 1950 at the age of 22. She was the top box-of­fice draw four years in a row (1935–38) in a Mo­tion Pic­ture Her­ald poll.

Tem­ple re­turned to show busi­ness in 1958 with a two-sea­son tele­vi­sion an­thol­ogy se­ries of fairy tale adap­ta­tions. She made guest ap­pear­ances on tele­vi­sion shows in the early 1960s and filmed a sit­com pi­lot that was never re­leased. She sat on the boards of cor­po­ra­tions and or­ga­ni­za­tions in­clud­ing The Walt Dis­ney Com­pany, Del Monte Foods and the Na­tional Wildlife Fed­er­a­tion. She be­gan her diplo­matic ca­reer in 1969, with an ap­point­ment to rep­re­sent the United States at a ses­sion of the United Na­tions Gen­eral As­sem­bly. In 1988, she pub­lished her au­to­bi­og­ra­phy, Child Star. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shirley_Tem­ple DT

Shirley Tem­ple Black

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