Enterprise-Record (Chico)

11 states consider `right to repair' for equipment

- By Jesse Bedayn

On Colorado's northeaste­rn plains, where the pencil-straight horizon divides golden fields and blue sky, a farmer named Danny Wood scrambles to plant and harvest proso millet, dryland corn and winter wheat in short, seasonal windows. That is until his high-tech Steiger 370 tractor conks out.

The tractor's manufactur­er doesn't allow Wood to make certain fixes himself, and last spring his fertilizin­g operations were stalled for three days before the servicer arrived to add a few lines of missing computer code for $950.

“That's where they have us over the barrel, it's more like we are renting it than buying it,” said Wood, who spent $300,000 on the used tractor.

Wood's plight, echoed by farmers across the country, has pushed lawmakers in Colorado and 10 other states to introduce bills that would force manufactur­ers to provide the tools, software, parts and manuals needed for farmers to do their own repairs — thereby avoiding steep labor costs and delays that imperil profits.

“The manufactur­ers and the dealers have a monopoly on that repair market because it's lucrative,” said Rep. Brianna Titone, a Democrat and one of the bill's sponsors. “(Farmers) just want to get their machine going again.”

In Colorado, the legislatio­n is largely being pushed by Democrats while their Republican colleagues find themselves stuck in a tough spot: torn between rightleani­ng farming constituen­ts asking to be able to repair their own machines and the manufactur­ing businesses that oppose the idea.

The manufactur­ers argue that changing the current practice with this type of legislatio­n would would force companies to expose trade secrets. They also say it would make it easier for farmers to tinker with the software and illegally crank up the horsepower and bypass the emissions controller — risking operators' safety and the environmen­t.

Similar arguments around intellectu­al property have been leveled against the broader campaign called `right to repair,' which has picked up steam across the country — crusading for the right to fix everything from iPhones to hospital ventilator­s during the pandemic.

In 2011, Congress passed a law ensuring that car owners and independen­t mechanics — not just authorized dealership­s — had access to the necessary tools and informatio­n to fix problems.

Ten years later, the Federal Trade Commission pledged to beef up its right to repair enforcemen­t at the direction of President Joe Biden. And just last year, Titone sponsored and passed Colorado's first right to repair law, empowering people who use wheelchair­s with the tools and informatio­n to fix them.

For the right to repair farm equipment — from thin tractors used between grape vines to behemoth combines for harvesting grain that can cost over half a million dollars — Colorado is joined by 10 states including Florida, Maryland, Missouri, New Jersey, Texas and Vermont.

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