5.

EQUUS - - Conversati­ons -

Once I can rub the horse all over eas­ily with the stick and flag, I re­place his fear of be­ing han­dled around the head with a new stim­uli. When I find a place on the horse that he has a worry about, I re­place that fear with a yield. That is, I ask him to fo­cus on a task rather than al­low­ing him to sim­ply re­act to a stim­u­lus he finds scary. For ex­am­ple, I teach him to move the fore­quar­ters away with light, driv­ing pres­sure. This way I sub­sti­tute a pos­i­tive place in his brain for his feel­ing that “I hate ev­ery­thing that comes near my head.”

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