TRI­AN­GU­LAR TRADE

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Schol­ars have mapped two tri­an­gles com­pos­ing the tri­an­gu­lar trade. The ear­lier is the red-pur­ple-green link­age, rep­re­sent­ing the pre­dom­i­nant ship­ping routes dur­ing the ear­lier part of the Colo­nial era, from about 1600 to 1640. Dur­ing this time, the New Eng­land and Vir­ginia colonies strug­gled to take root and needed con­stant re­sup­ply of horses, cat­tle, man­u­fac­tured goods and coin money (specie) from Eng­land. They also needed slaves, which they ob­tained via the green route.

When the colonies be­came bet­ter es­tab­lished they be­came more pro­duc­tive, ship­ping rum (dis­tilled from cane mo­lasses made from sugar shipped north­ward via the blue route). Later, maize, to­bacco and cot­ton be­came ma­jor ex­ports.

To­ward the be­gin­ning of the 18th cen­tury, as the de­mand for sugar in­ten­si­fied, slaves be­gan to be shipped di­rectly to Suri­nam and the Caribbean via the yel­low route. Horses be­gan to be shipped in quan­tity from New Eng­land and Vir­ginia to the Caribbean and Suri­nam be­gin­ning in about 1640 and con­tin­u­ing un­til the abo­li­tion of slav­ery in 1840. THE TRI­AN­GU­LAR TRADE THE CARIBBEAN

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