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The study field of zooan­thro­pol­ogy in­cludes sev­eral sci­en­tific, philo­soph­i­cal and po­lit­i­cal dis­ci­plines. Zooan­thro­pol­ogy de­fines and gives di­rec­tion within the in­ter­pre­ta­tion of phe­nom­ena re­lated to our re­la­tion­ship with other an­i­mals, step­ping out­side the an­thro­pocen­tric view­point. It is not just a mat­ter of study and ap­pli­ca­tion, but it gives an eth­i­cal di­rec­tion and in­spires a move­ment for years to come. It refers to the cog­ni­tive ethol­ogy di­men­sion and does not fall into the di­men­sion of clas­si­cal ethol­ogy or be­hav­ior­ism.

Zooan­thro­pol­ogy rec­og­nizes the non­hu­man “other” as a sub­ject and, for this, clearly dis­ap­proves of the use of co­er­cive in­stru­ments, whether phys­i­cal, emo­tional or men­tal, and cer­tainly calls into ques­tion all tools, meth­ods and ap­proaches re­gard­ing the in­ter­pre­ta­tion and ap­pli­ca­tion of op­er­ant con­di­tion­ing. It ques­tions an­i­mal train­ing and opens up a new model of in­ter­pre­ta­tion and ap­pli­ca­tion in the dy­nam­ics of an­i­mal learn­ing, rec­og­niz­ing an­i­mal sub­jec­tiv­ity and al­ter­ity (“oth­er­ness”).— Francesco De Gior­gio and JosŽ De Gior­gio-Schoorl

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