MOR­GAN TYPES

EQUUS - - Conformati­on Insights -

Gen. Ed­ward M. McCook was a ca­reer sol­dier who rose through the ranks. His horse is of near-pure Mor­gan ex­trac­tion, an ex­cel­lent ex­am­ple of the “plump and pleas­ing” out­lines which made th­ese horses easy to iden­tify. Note the wavy or kinky tex­ture to the hairs of the mane and tail. McCook was an ex­cel­lent rider; note the horned stock sad­dle. The bit­ting is of great in­ter­est; while it shows the usual martin­gale on the snaf­fle, the curb reins ar­tic­u­late with a very short-shanked “Baucher bit” by means of a loose-jointed metal “slob­ber strap.” This style of bit­ting would be used on a horse that was easy to con­trol.

An anony­mous trooper, part of a Wis­con­sin troop, at the Siege of At­lanta in 1864. His horse is what we might call “stan­dard-is­sue Army,” Thor­ough­bred/Mor­gan with more em­pha­sis on the Mor­gan. It is heavy-bod­ied, with a very beau­ti­ful shoul­der and pow­er­ful hindquar­ters. The neck is lovely and the limbs and hooves very cor­rect. The Army sought horses of just this type as be­ing prac­ti­cal and durable. The sol­dier sits very well, and his horse bri­dles obe­di­ently with, how­ever, some ten­dency to break at the third ver­te­bra. Of in­ter­est here is that there is no snaf­fle rein; the martin­gale is used on the curb.

Al­lan Pinkerton, head of the Se­cret Ser­vice, at An­ti­etam in 1862. Abra­ham Lin­coln (bearded, white shirt and bow tie, top hat) is vis­i­ble in­side the tent be­hind him. Pinkerton is pos­ing on an Army-is­sue “guest horse,” a Mor­gan

There’s no in­ex­per­tise with this rider. This 1863 photo of Capt. Charles H. Howard shows one of the bravest and most ca­pa­ble of Army men, a des­patch rider. The horse is a hand­some Mor­gan/Thor­ough­bred cross. Note the leather breast-col­lar and crup­per. Cap­tain Howard’s mount is equipped with reg­u­la­tion double bri­dle, but in­stead of the typ­i­cal S-shanked cavalry bit he uses a short-shanked Wey­mouth.

Capt. Ed­ward A. Flint posed for this shot with his Mor­gan-type horse in 1864. This is a fine view not only of typ­i­cal Mor­gan con­for­ma­tion, but the reg­u­la­tion McClel­lan sad­dle. The horse is in a straight-shanked bit with no bridoon or nose­band.

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