CAT­TLE DRIVES AND THE COM­ING OF THE RAIL­ROAD

EQUUS - - Conformation Insights -

The map be­low shows the orig­i­nal route of the first Transcon­ti­nen­tal Rail­road, com­pleted in 1869, and the ma­jor wagon train routes. By 1870 there was al­ready an ex­ten­sive net­work ( bot­tom). The old­est ma­jor cat­tle drive route was the Sedalia-Bax­ter Springs Trail, also called the Shawnee Trail or Texas Road, which was in use by 1845. The Good­night-Lov­ing and Chisholm Trails came into use dur­ing the mid1860s and the Western Trail in 1874. Rail­ways, cat­tle trails and wagon train routes all served to bring large num­bers of horses of English ex­trac­tion into for­merly Span­ish-Mex­i­can ter­ri­tory.

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