THE ARMY REMOUNT SERVICE ( CONT. )
The very handsome Snoqualmie and Dewey are Morgans, representing the “original” government cavalry-horse breeding program, which began with Joseph Battell’s donations of livestock, acreage and farm buildings in 1907. Both horses are sire-line descendants of the great Ethan Allen, Snoqualmie through Jubilee de Jarnette and Daniel Lambert, and Dewey through Honest Allen and General Gates, who was the number one Department of Agriculture sire. Morgan ancestors show up in the pedigrees not only of a majority of Standardbreds, but many Saddlebreds, Rocky Mountain and related smaller mid-South breeds, Missouri Fox Trotters and Quarter Horses. because they were common on American farms---but many, especially in the West, were what we have called Cayuses as well as Billys and Rondos. There is no record of “Quarter Horses” as such in the program, however, because before 1940 the American Quarter Horse was not yet recognized
This Montana woman is riding an ARS-bred, part-Thoroughbred ranch horse, ca. 1905. This photo shows how effective the ARS was in upgrading the quality of horses used on American farms and ranches. Until the 1940s, the horses most popular and common
west of the Mississippi were not Quarter Horses but Morgans, Cayuses with mixed Spanish ancestry, and Thoroughbred-Billy crosses like this one (compare to the winners of the “great cowboy race of 1893” pictured in “Change on the Horizon,” EQUUS 493).