THE ARMY RE­MOUNT SER­VICE ( CONT. )

EQUUS - - Insights Conformati­on -

The very handsome Sno­qualmie and Dewey are Mor­gans, rep­re­sent­ing the “orig­i­nal” govern­ment cavalry-horse breed­ing pro­gram, which be­gan with Joseph Bat­tell’s do­na­tions of live­stock, acreage and farm build­ings in 1907. Both horses are sire-line de­scen­dants of the great Ethan Allen, Sno­qualmie through Ju­bilee de Jar­nette and Daniel Lam­bert, and Dewey through Hon­est Allen and Gen­eral Gates, who was the num­ber one Depart­ment of Agri­cul­ture sire. Mor­gan an­ces­tors show up in the pedi­grees not only of a ma­jor­ity of Stan­dard­breds, but many Sad­dle­breds, Rocky Moun­tain and re­lated smaller mid-South breeds, Mis­souri Fox Trot­ters and Quar­ter Horses. be­cause they were com­mon on Amer­i­can farms---but many, es­pe­cially in the West, were what we have called Cayuses as well as Billys and Ron­dos. There is no record of “Quar­ter Horses” as such in the pro­gram, how­ever, be­cause be­fore 1940 the Amer­i­can Quar­ter Horse was not yet rec­og­nized

This Mon­tana woman is riding an ARS-bred, part-Thor­ough­bred ranch horse, ca. 1905. This photo shows how ef­fec­tive the ARS was in up­grad­ing the qual­ity of horses used on Amer­i­can farms and ranches. Un­til the 1940s, the horses most pop­u­lar and com­mon

west of the Mis­sis­sippi were not Quar­ter Horses but Mor­gans, Cayuses with mixed Span­ish ances­try, and Thor­ough­bred-Billy crosses like this one (com­pare to the win­ners of the “great cow­boy race of 1893” pic­tured in “Change on the Hori­zon,” EQUUS 493).

RIBAL

DEWEY

SNO­QUALMIE

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